THEMATIC AREA
  • Aerosols
  • Afforestation/Reforestation
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Air Quality
  • Altitude
  • Aquaculture
  • Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Electricity
  • Atmospheric Indicators
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Atmospheric Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapour
  • Atmospheric Winds
  • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
  • Biosphere
  • Biospheric Indicators
  • Carbon
  • Climate
  • Clouds
  • Coastal Processes
  • Crops and Yields
  • Cryosphere
  • Cryospheric Indicators
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Diseases and Pests
  • Earth Gases and Liquids
  • Earthquakes
  • Ecological Dynamics
  • Ecosystems
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Environmental Governance and Management
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Vulnerability Index
  • Erosion and Sedimentation
  • Essential Climate Variables
  • Fisheries
  • Food Security
  • Forest Conservation/Protection
  • Forest Fires
  • Forest Management
  • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
  • Forestry
  • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodetics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
  • Geothermal Dynamics
  • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
  • Gravity and Gravitational Field
  • Groundwater
  • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
  • Human Dimensions
  • Human Settlements
  • Infrastructure
  • Invasive Species
  • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
  • Lakes
  • Land Surface
  • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
  • Land Use and Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Marine Environment Monitoring
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Marine Sediments
  • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
  • Ocean Chemistry
  • Ocean Circulation
  • Ocean Heat Budget
  • Ocean Indicators
  • Ocean Optics
  • Ocean Temperature
  • Ocean Waves
  • Oceans
  • Organic Matter
  • Paleoclimate Indicators
  • Permafrost
  • Plant Phenology
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Population
  • Precipitation
  • Public Health
  • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
  • Rivers
  • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
  • Salinity and Density
  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Surface Topography
  • Security
  • Snow and Ice
  • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Texture
  • Soils
  • Solar Activity
  • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
  • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Solid Earth
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
  • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
  • Surface Radiative Properties
  • Surface Thermal Properties
  • Surface Water
  • Tectonics
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Tides
  • Topography
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Water Quality
  • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
  • Weather Events
  • Wetlands
INSTRUMENT TYPE
INSTRUMENT

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

Forty years of heritage data highlight warming European lakes

In the last decade, climate change has taken centre stage in both the public and scientific arenas, as increasingly extreme weather and human impact on the environment have become more apparent.

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general news

Mission continuity

Long-term availability of Earth observation data from a given instrument is crucial to many data users and their research—but just how does it work?

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scientific highlights

New life for Landsat historical data

45 years of data, more than 1.8 million images, these are the numbers of an adventure started 48 years ago with the launch of the first Landsat satellite.

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general news

Handing over Metop-C

Mission teams at ESA's ESOC operations centre in Germany handed control of the recently launched Metop-C satellite to EUMETSAT.

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general news

Europe's third polar-orbiting weather satellite lofted into orbit

The third Metop satellite, Metop-C, has been launched on a Soyuz rocket from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.

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general news

Metop-C ready for big day

With liftoff set for 7 November, the latest Metop weather satellite has been rolled out to the launch pad and positioned on the Soyuz rocket.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Landsat Series
third party missions

Landsat Series

The Landsat series is the world's longest running system of satellites for moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

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Landsat-1 to Landsat-3
third party missions

Landsat-1 to Landsat-3

The Landsat 1 to 3 satellites were the first in the United States' Landsat programme, dedicated to monitoring the Earth's land mass.

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TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - processing

Atmospheric Toolbox

The Atmospheric Toolbox (also known as BEAT) is a collection of executable tools and API, developed to facilitate the utilisation, viewing and processing of e.g. GOMOS, MIPAS, SCIAMACHY and GOME data. Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - cal/val activities

UV nadir viewing galleries

Atmospheric chemistry nadir observation from space now spans nearly forty years. The early UVN (UV nadir missions) mainly focused on measuring ozone. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-radar-spectrometers

Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV)

The Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV) instrument was flown on board the Landsat 1 to 3 satellites.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

Campaigns

Learn about the ground-based, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and airborne campaigns and small satellite field experiments that validate orbiting ESA EO satellites and support future mission development.

EAGLE

EAGLE

The general purpose of the EAGLE2006 campaign was: Acquisition of simultaneous multi-angular and multi-sensor (from visible to microwave domain) data over a grassland and a forest.

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OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Handbook

6 Dec 2019

AVHRR-Handbook.pdf

The AVHRR user handbook provides details about the content of the consolidated and harmonised data set archived at ESA facilities. Download