THEMATIC AREA
  • Aerosols
  • Afforestation/Reforestation
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Air Quality
  • Altitude
  • Aquaculture
  • Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Electricity
  • Atmospheric Indicators
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Atmospheric Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapour
  • Atmospheric Winds
  • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
  • Biosphere
  • Biospheric Indicators
  • Carbon
  • Climate
  • Clouds
  • Coastal Processes
  • Crops and Yields
  • Cryosphere
  • Cryospheric Indicators
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Diseases and Pests
  • Earth Gases and Liquids
  • Earthquakes
  • Ecological Dynamics
  • Ecosystems
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Environmental Governance and Management
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Vulnerability Index
  • Erosion and Sedimentation
  • Essential Climate Variables
  • Fisheries
  • Food Security
  • Forest Conservation/Protection
  • Forest Fires
  • Forest Management
  • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
  • Forestry
  • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodetics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
  • Geothermal Dynamics
  • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
  • Gravity and Gravitational Field
  • Groundwater
  • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
  • Human Dimensions
  • Human Settlements
  • Infrastructure
  • Invasive Species
  • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
  • Lakes
  • Land Surface
  • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
  • Land Use and Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Marine Environment Monitoring
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Marine Sediments
  • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
  • Ocean Chemistry
  • Ocean Circulation
  • Ocean Heat Budget
  • Ocean Indicators
  • Ocean Optics
  • Ocean Temperature
  • Ocean Waves
  • Oceans
  • Organic Matter
  • Paleoclimate Indicators
  • Permafrost
  • Plant Phenology
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Population
  • Precipitation
  • Public Health
  • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
  • Rivers
  • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
  • Salinity and Density
  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Surface Topography
  • Security
  • Snow and Ice
  • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Texture
  • Soils
  • Solar Activity
  • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
  • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Solid Earth
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
  • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
  • Surface Radiative Properties
  • Surface Thermal Properties
  • Surface Water
  • Tectonics
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Tides
  • Topography
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Water Quality
  • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
  • Weather Events
  • Wetlands
INSTRUMENT TYPE
INSTRUMENT

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

Forty years of heritage data highlight warming European lakes

In the last decade, climate change has taken centre stage in both the public and scientific arenas, as increasingly extreme weather and human impact on the environment have become more apparent.

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general news

Mission continuity

Long-term availability of Earth observation data from a given instrument is crucial to many data users and their research—but just how does it work?

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scientific highlights

ESA's Earth Explorers surpassing expectations

In this video, learn how each Earth Explorer mission is contributing to Earth science, and changing the way we look at our beloved planet.

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general news

EarthCARE mission to improve weather forecasts

Earth observation satellite data are crucial for generating accurate weather predictions.

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general news

Handing over Metop-C

Mission teams at ESA's ESOC operations centre in Germany handed control of the recently launched Metop-C satellite to EUMETSAT.

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general news

Europe's third polar-orbiting weather satellite lofted into orbit

The third Metop satellite, Metop-C, has been launched on a Soyuz rocket from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

MetOp
meteorological missions

MetOp

MetOp is a mission dedicated to improving weather forecasts and monitoring Earth's climate.

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EarthCARE
earth explorers

EarthCARE

EarthCARE will examine the role clouds and aerosols play in trapping infrared radiation emitted from Earth's surface.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - conference

Living Planet Symposium 2019

ESA's Living Planet Symposia are amongst the biggest Earth observation conferences in the world. The events see scientists present their latest findings on Earth's environment and climate.

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TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - visualisation

EVDC Orbit Prediction Tool

The EVDC Orbit Prediction and Overpass Tool generates and visualises satellite's overpasses. Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - cal/val activities

UV nadir viewing galleries

Atmospheric chemistry nadir observation from space now spans nearly forty years. The early UVN (UV nadir missions) mainly focused on measuring ozone. Read more

Campaigns

Learn about the ground-based, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and airborne campaigns and small satellite field experiments that validate orbiting ESA EO satellites and support future mission development.

CLARE

CLARE

CLARE 2000: Cloud Lidar and Radar Experiments were to provide an extended data base and develop new analysis methods.

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EAGLE

EAGLE

The general purpose of the EAGLE2006 campaign was: Acquisition of simultaneous multi-angular and multi-sensor (from visible to microwave domain) data over a grassland and a forest.

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OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Handbook

6 Dec 2019

AVHRR-Handbook.pdf

The AVHRR user handbook provides details about the content of the consolidated and harmonised data set archived at ESA facilities. Download