THEMATIC AREA
  • Aerosols
  • Afforestation/Reforestation
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Air Quality
  • Altitude
  • Aquaculture
  • Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Electricity
  • Atmospheric Indicators
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Atmospheric Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapour
  • Atmospheric Winds
  • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
  • Biosphere
  • Biospheric Indicators
  • Carbon
  • Climate
  • Clouds
  • Coastal Processes
  • Crops and Yields
  • Cryosphere
  • Cryospheric Indicators
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Diseases and Pests
  • Earth Gases and Liquids
  • Earthquakes
  • Ecological Dynamics
  • Ecosystems
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Environmental Governance and Management
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Vulnerability Index
  • Erosion and Sedimentation
  • Essential Climate Variables
  • Fisheries
  • Food Security
  • Forest Conservation/Protection
  • Forest Fires
  • Forest Management
  • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
  • Forestry
  • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodetics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
  • Geothermal Dynamics
  • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
  • Gravity and Gravitational Field
  • Groundwater
  • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
  • Human Dimensions
  • Human Settlements
  • Infrastructure
  • Invasive Species
  • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
  • Lakes
  • Land Surface
  • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
  • Land Use and Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Marine Environment Monitoring
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Marine Sediments
  • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
  • Ocean Chemistry
  • Ocean Circulation
  • Ocean Heat Budget
  • Ocean Indicators
  • Ocean Optics
  • Ocean Temperature
  • Ocean Waves
  • Oceans
  • Organic Matter
  • Paleoclimate Indicators
  • Permafrost
  • Plant Phenology
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Population
  • Precipitation
  • Public Health
  • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
  • Rivers
  • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
  • Salinity and Density
  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Surface Topography
  • Security
  • Snow and Ice
  • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Texture
  • Soils
  • Solar Activity
  • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
  • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Solid Earth
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
  • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
  • Surface Radiative Properties
  • Surface Thermal Properties
  • Surface Water
  • Tectonics
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Tides
  • Topography
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Water Quality
  • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
  • Weather Events
  • Wetlands
INSTRUMENT TYPE

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

other

EO-SSO registration

Learn how to register an EO-SSO account, which is required to access some data and submit proposals for data.

data description

ERS-1/2 Radar Altimeter REAPER METEO Product - [ERS_ALT_2M]

This is a RA Meteo product containing only the 1 Hz parameters for altimeter (surface range, satellite altitude, wind speed and significant wave...

data description

ERS-1/2 Radar Altimeter REAPER Sensor Geophysical Data Record - SGDR [ERS_ALT_2S]

This is a RA Sensor Geophysical Data Record (SDGR) product containing all of the parameters found in the REAPER GDR product (ERS_ALT_2_) with th...

data description

ERS-1/2 Radar Altimeter REAPER Geophysical Data Record - GDR [ERS_ALT_2]

This is a RA Geophysical Data Record (GDR) product containing radar range, orbital altitude, wind speed, wave height and water vapour from the A...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

Monitoring Earth’s skin heat for crops and climate

A bright red twin-engined aircraft, equipped with ultra-high-resolution thermal imaging technology has been scouring the agricultural heartlands

Read more

operational news

Updated Precise Orbit data (POD) for the full ERS-1 and ERS-2 mission available

The Precise Orbit files (ERS.ORB.POD) for the entire ERS-1 and ERS-2 mission periods have been reprocessed with up-to-date standards.

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operational news

ERS-1 Scatterometer L2 dataset processed with ASPS v10.04 is available online

The reprocessed dataset together with corresponding ERS-2 data is now available.

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general news

Thales Alenia Space leads the build of photosynthesis mission

A new contract seals the deal for Thales Alenia Space to lead the consortium that is building ESA's photosynthesis mission: FLEX.

Read more

scientific highlights

Satellite Radar Altimetry: past and future

Satellite radar altimetry measurements yield a wealth of information that can be used for a wide range of applications.

Read more

Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

ERS
heritage missions

ERS

The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

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FLEX
earth explorers

FLEX

The FLEX mission will provide global maps of vegetation fluorescence, which can be converted into an indicator of photosynthetic activity.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - meeting

Fluorescence (FLEX) 2019

FLEX 2019 took place in Davos, Switzerland from 5 to 8 March 2019. The meeting consisted of a series of events addressing remote sensing of vegetation fluorescence.

Read more

TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - processing

Broadview Radar Altimetry Toolbox

Broadview Radar Altimetry Toolbox (BRAT) is an extensive tutorial on what is altimetry, techniques used and examples of usage of data; plus software to read, process and visualise altimetry data. Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - quality

SCIRoCCo

The SCIRoCCo project is an interdisciplinary cooperation of scatterometry experts aimed at promoting the continuing exploitation of ESA's unique 20 years' worth of ERS Scatterometer data. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-altimeters

RA (ERS-2)

The RA on ERS-2 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

a-altimeters

RA (ERS-1)

The RA on ERS-1 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - General Reference

21 Nov 2019

150327-RMA-01-status-cal-v2.pdf

Status of calibration activities Download