THEMATIC AREA
  • Aerosols
  • Afforestation/Reforestation
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Air Quality
  • Altitude
  • Aquaculture
  • Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Electricity
  • Atmospheric Indicators
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Atmospheric Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapour
  • Atmospheric Winds
  • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
  • Biosphere
  • Biospheric Indicators
  • Carbon
  • Climate
  • Clouds
  • Coastal Processes
  • Crops and Yields
  • Cryosphere
  • Cryospheric Indicators
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Diseases and Pests
  • Earth Gases and Liquids
  • Earthquakes
  • Ecological Dynamics
  • Ecosystems
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Environmental Governance and Management
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Vulnerability Index
  • Erosion and Sedimentation
  • Essential Climate Variables
  • Fisheries
  • Food Security
  • Forest Conservation/Protection
  • Forest Fires
  • Forest Management
  • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
  • Forestry
  • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodetics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
  • Geothermal Dynamics
  • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
  • Gravity and Gravitational Field
  • Groundwater
  • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
  • Human Dimensions
  • Human Settlements
  • Infrastructure
  • Invasive Species
  • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
  • Lakes
  • Land Surface
  • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
  • Land Use and Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Marine Environment Monitoring
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Marine Sediments
  • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
  • Ocean Chemistry
  • Ocean Circulation
  • Ocean Heat Budget
  • Ocean Indicators
  • Ocean Optics
  • Ocean Temperature
  • Ocean Waves
  • Oceans
  • Organic Matter
  • Paleoclimate Indicators
  • Permafrost
  • Plant Phenology
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Population
  • Precipitation
  • Public Health
  • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
  • Rivers
  • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
  • Salinity and Density
  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Surface Topography
  • Security
  • Snow and Ice
  • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Texture
  • Soils
  • Solar Activity
  • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
  • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Solid Earth
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
  • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
  • Surface Radiative Properties
  • Surface Thermal Properties
  • Surface Water
  • Tectonics
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Tides
  • Topography
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Water Quality
  • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
  • Weather Events
  • Wetlands
INSTRUMENT TYPE

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

other

EO-SSO registration

Learn how to register an EO-SSO account, which is required to access some data and submit proposals for data.

data description

AVHRR Level-1B Local Area Coverage Imagery

This collection is composed of AVHRR L1B products (1.1 km) reprocessed from the NOAA and Metop AVHRR sensors data acquired at the University of ...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

Forty years of heritage data highlight warming European lakes

In the last decade, climate change has taken centre stage in both the public and scientific arenas, as increasingly extreme weather and human impact on the environment have become more apparent.

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general news

Monitoring Earth’s skin heat for crops and climate

A bright red twin-engined aircraft, equipped with ultra-high-resolution thermal imaging technology has been scouring the agricultural heartlands

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general news

Thales Alenia Space leads the build of photosynthesis mission

A new contract seals the deal for Thales Alenia Space to lead the consortium that is building ESA's photosynthesis mission: FLEX.

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general news

Handing over Metop-C

Mission teams at ESA's ESOC operations centre in Germany handed control of the recently launched Metop-C satellite to EUMETSAT.

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general news

Europe's third polar-orbiting weather satellite lofted into orbit

The third Metop satellite, Metop-C, has been launched on a Soyuz rocket from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.

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general news

Metop-C ready for big day

With liftoff set for 7 November, the latest Metop weather satellite has been rolled out to the launch pad and positioned on the Soyuz rocket.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

NOAA POES
third party missions

NOAA POES

NOAA's AVHRR sensor is carried on the POES mission, a constellation of polar orbiting weather satellites.

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MetOp
meteorological missions

MetOp

MetOp is a mission dedicated to improving weather forecasts and monitoring Earth's climate.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - meeting

Fluorescence (FLEX) 2019

FLEX 2019 took place in Davos, Switzerland from 5 to 8 March 2019. The meeting consisted of a series of events addressing remote sensing of vegetation fluorescence.

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OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Handbook

6 Dec 2019

AVHRR-Handbook.pdf

The AVHRR user handbook provides details about the content of the consolidated and harmonised data set archived at ESA facilities. Download