THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Sea Ice
    • Snow and Ice
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

data catalogues

ESA PDGS Data Cube

ESA's new service Data cube is now available and accessible with a valid SSO account

other

EO-SSO registration

Learn how to register an EO-SSO account, which is required to access some data and submit proposals for data.

data description

TropForest - ALOS, Deimos-1 & KOMPSAT-2 optical coverages over tropical forests

The objective of the ESA TropForest project was to create a harmonised geo-database of ready-to-use satellite imagery to support 2010 global for...

data description

Alos African Coverage ESA archive

ALOS Africa is a collection of the best available (cloud minimal) African coverage acquired by AVNIR-2 and PRISM.

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

scientific highlights

New life for Landsat historical data

45 years of data, more than 1.8 million images, these are the numbers of an adventure started 48 years ago with the launch of the first Landsat satellite.

Read more

general news

ALOS PALSAR WB1 Collection now available online

Area Observation Mode (Burst Mode 1) collection, which will complete the existing ALOS PALSAR data offer.

Read more

operational news

ALOS PALSAR - Issue with level 1.0 Fine Beam (stripmap) acquisitions

ALOS FBS_RAW_0P and FBD_RAW_0P collections on the dissemination server - files contained in the .CEOS bundle are incorrectly named.

Read more

Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Landsat Series
third party missions

Landsat Series

The Landsat series is the world's longest running system of satellites for moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

Read more
Landsat 4 and Landsat 5
third party missions

Landsat 4 and Landsat 5

The Landsat 4 and 5 missions were active between 1982 and 2013, and continue the Landsat programme's goal of providing moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

Read more

TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - analysis

Sentinel-3 Toolbox

The Sentinel-3 Toolbox (S3TBX) consists of a set of visualisation, analysis and processing tools for the exploitation of OLCI and SLSTR data. Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - quality

SLAP

The SLAP (Systematic Landsat Archive Processing) project covers the MSS, TM and ETM+ products from Landsat missions 1 – 7, and is the first systematic reprocessing of the ESA Landsat archive. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

AVNIR-2

The Advanced Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer-2 (AVNIR-2) was a visible and near infrared radiometer for observing land and coastal zones.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Technical Note

1 Mar 2019

Landsat 7 ETM+ Image Assessment System Geometric Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document

ATBD detailing the proposed algorithms with which the geometric calibration processing of the ESA MSS data is based. Download