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THEMATIC AREA
INSTRUMENT TYPE
  • Altimeters
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MISSION
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Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

data description

Aeolus preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie receivers

The Level 1B wind product of the Aeolus mission contains the preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie ...

data description

Aeolus Scientific L2B Rayleigh/Mie wind product

The Level 2B wind product of the Aeolus mission is a geo-located consolidated HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observation with actual atmos...

data description

ERS-1/2 Radar Altimeter REAPER Geophysical Data Record - GDR [ERS_ALT_2]

This is a RA Geophysical Data Record (GDR) product containing radar range, orbital altitude, wind speed, wave height and water vapour from the A...

data description

ERS-1/2 Radar Altimeter REAPER METEO Product - [ERS_ALT_2M]

This is a RA Meteo product containing only the 1 Hz parameters for altimeter (surface range, satellite altitude, wind speed and significant wave...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

scientific highlights

A Guide to Aeolus Range Bin Settings

Launched on 22 August 2018, Aeolus is the first satellite mission to acquire profiles of Earth’s wind on a global scale. After almost two years in space, its near-real time observations have been assimilated into the Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models of several European meteorological services, like ECMWF, Météo-France and DWD, and have proven crucial when the grounding of airplanes during the COVID-19 pandemic led to a sharp decrease in meteorological observations.

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operational news

Aeolus tests new mirror thermal control setting

This week, a new setting for the Aeolus thermal control of the primary mirror will be tested to investigate further potential improvements at satellite level.

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general news

PAZ data now available to users worldwide

ESA is pleased to announce the availability of the PAZ satellite products to the scientific community, for R&D activities and start-ups.

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operational news

Aeolus set for Instrument Telescope Refocussing exercise

Aeolus’s telescope requires periodic collimation and refocussing. To this end, the Instrument Telescope Refocussing activity aims to improve the radiometric performance of the Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument (ALADIN)’s telescope by optimizing the throughput at the field stop, the smallest aperture where the return light has to pass. This is done through a change of the temperature settings on the telescope.

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general news

Around the world in eight balloons with Strateole-2

Strateole-2 is a French-US project supported by ESA that uses CNES superpressure balloons drifting around the globe to study the climate processes in the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL) and the lower stratosphere, helping Aeolus validation activities along the way.

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general news

Mirror bias correction brings higher quality to Aeolus data

The release of Aeolus data to the public was made possible by the product optimisation work performed by the Aeolus DISC.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Aeolus
earth explorers

Aeolus

The Aeolus mission provides global observations of wind profiles from space to improve the quality of weather forecasts, and to advance our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and climate processes.

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PAZ
third party missions

PAZ

The PAZ (Spanish for “peace”) satellite, operates as a constellation alongside TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X.

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ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - quality

Swarm Outflow

The Swarm+ Coupling High-Low Atmosphere Interactions: Ion Outflow ("Swarm+ Outflow") project, which began in May 2019, centres on using Swarm spacecraft to tackle unanswered questions around non-thermal processes that lead to ion outflow. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-lidar-laser-sounders

ALADIN

ALADIN, on board Aeolus, is a Direct Detection Doppler Wind Lidar operating in the ultraviolet range.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Handbook

6 Dec 2019

AVHRR-Handbook.pdf

The AVHRR user handbook provides details about the content of the consolidated and harmonised data set archived at ESA facilities. Download