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THEMATIC AREA

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

Data Description

SMOS Soil Freeze and Thaw State

The SMOS Level 3 Freeze and Thaw (F/T) product provides daily information on the soil state in the Northern Hemisphere based on SMOS observation...

Data Description

GOSAT TANSO FTS and CAI full archive and new products

The TANSO-FTS instrument on-board GOSAT satellite features high optical throughput, fine spectral resolution, and a wide spectral coverage (from...

Data Description

Aura OMI complete NASA dataset

The OMI observations provide the following capabilities and features: A mapping of ozone columns at 13 km x 24 km and profiles at 13 km x 48 km...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

General News

Forty years of heritage data highlight warming European lakes

In the last decade, climate change has taken centre stage in both the public and scientific arenas, as increasingly extreme weather and human impact on the environment have become more apparent.

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Satellites providing clear picture of greenhouse gases

With increasing levels of greenhouse gases causing our climate to change, it is important to understand them.

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Scientific Highlights

Aerosol spread from Australian fires

Ferocious bushfires have been sweeping across Australia since September 2019, fuelled by record-breaking temperatures, drought and wind. The country has always experienced fires, but this season has been horrific.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Aeolus
Earth Explorers

Aeolus

The Aeolus mission provides global observations of wind profiles from space to improve the quality of weather forecasts, and to advance our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and climate processes.

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SMOS
Earth Explorers

SMOS

The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is dedicated to making global observations of soil moisture over land and salinity over oceans

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ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - Quality

Aeolus DISC

The Aeolus DISC is the core element in ESA's data quality framework for the Aeolus mission, comprised of an international expert consortium to study and improve the data quality of Aeolus products. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

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Heritage Missions

MERIS

The MERIS instrument aboard Envisat was primarily dedicated to providing ocean colour measurements.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Heritage Missions

GOMOS

GOMOS is a medium resolution spectrometer covering the wavelength range from 250 nm to 950 nm.

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Earth Explorers

ALADIN

ALADIN, on board Aeolus, is Direct Detection Doppler Wind Lidar operating in the ultraviolet range.

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Earth Explorers

MIRAS

The MIRAS instrument is a passive microwave 2-D interferometric radiometer onboard the SMOS satellite.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Handbook

6 Dec 2019

AVHRR-Handbook.pdf

The AVHRR user handbook provides details about the content of the consolidated and harmonised data set archived at ESA facilities. Download