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Earth Explorers
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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Aeolus
earth explorers

Aeolus

The Aeolus mission provides global observations of wind profiles from space to improve the quality of weather forecasts, and to advance our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and climate processes.

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Swarm
earth explorers

Swarm

Swarm is dedicated to creating a highly detailed survey of the Earth’s geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution as well as the electric field in the atmosphere using a constellation of three identical satellites.

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PROBA-V
earth watch

PROBA-V

The PROBA-V mission provides multispectral images to study the evolution of the vegetation cover on a daily and global basis.

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CryoSat
earth explorers

CryoSat

CryoSat determines variations in the thickness of continental ice sheets and marine ice cover. Europe's first ice mission is an advanced radar altimeter specifically designed to monitor the most dynamic sections of Earth's cryosphere.

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SMOS
earth explorers

SMOS

The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is dedicated to making global observations of soil moisture over land and salinity over oceans

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GOCE
earth explorers

GOCE

ESA's Gravity field and Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) mission mapped Earth's geoid very accurately, opening a window into Earth's interior structure as well as the currents circulating within the depths of its oceans. 

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PROBA-1
third party missions

PROBA-1

PROBA-1 is a technology demonstration satellite that later became an operational Earth observation mission.

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Envisat
heritage missions

Envisat

Envisat was ESA's successor to ERS. Envisat carried ten instruments aboard for a wide range of Earth observing fields. The mission was operational from 2002 to 2012.

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ERS
heritage missions

ERS

The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

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Biomass
earth explorers

Biomass

The objective of the Biomass mission is to determine the global distribution of forest biomass.

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