earth online
  • All Categories
  • Data
  • News
  • Missions
  • Events
  • Tools
  • Activities
  • Instruments
  • Campaigns
  • Documents

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    AATSR

    The AATSR instrument aboard Envisat was primarily designed to measure Sea Surface Temperature.

  • Instrument - Accelerometers

    prompt photo

    ACC (Swarm)

    The Accelerometer measures the Swarm satellite’s non-gravitational acceleration in its respective orbit.

  • Instrument - Lidar/Laser Sounders

    prompt photo

    ALADIN

    ALADIN, on board Aeolus, is a Direct Detection Doppler Wind Lidar operating in the ultraviolet range.

  • Instrument - Imaging Radars

    prompt photo

    ASAR

    ASAR ensures continuity with the image mode (SAR) and the wave mode of the ERS-1/2 AMI.

  • Instrument - MAGNETOMETERS

    prompt photo

    ASM

    The Absolute Scalar Magnetometer on the Swarm satellites measures the strength of the magnetic field.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    ATSR

    The Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) on board ERS-1 and ERS-2 mission consisted of two instruments, an Infra-Red Radiometer and a Microwave Sounder.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    AVNIR-2

    The Advanced Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer-2 (AVNIR-2) was a visible and near infrared radiometer for observing land and coastal zones.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    CHRIS

    Compact High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (CHRIS) provides data of spectral reflectances.

  • Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    prompt photo

    EFI

    The Electric Field Instrument (EFI) aboard the Swarm satellites is the first 3D ionospheric imager in space.

  • Instrument - Accelerometers

    prompt photo

    EGG

    The main objective of GOCE's EGG was to measure the three components of the Gravity-Gradient Tensor.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers

    prompt photo

    GOME

    The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) was a nadir-scanning ultraviolet and visible spectrometer for global monitoring of atmospheric Ozone.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers

    prompt photo

    GOMOS

    GOMOS is a medium resolution spectrometer covering the wavelength range from 250 nm to 950 nm.

  • Instrument - GPS

    prompt photo

    GPSR and LRR (Swarm)

    Each Swarm satellite is equipped with a Laser Retro-Reflector for external calibration and validation of the on-board GPS receiver.

  • Instrument - Cameras

    prompt photo

    HRC

    The High Resolution Camera (HRC) is a black and white camera with a miniaturised telescope on the PROBA-1 mission.

  • Instrument - Laser Ranging

    prompt photo

    LRR (Envisat)

    The LRR instrument aboard Envisat was used to accurately determine the orbital height of the satellite.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    MERIS

    The MERIS instrument aboard Envisat was primarily dedicated to providing ocean colour measurements.

  • Instrument - Interferometers

    prompt photo

    MIPAS

    MIPAS was an atmospheric instrument carried aboard the Envisat satellite.

  • Instrument - Interferometric Radiometers

    prompt photo

    MIRAS

    The MIRAS instrument is a passive microwave 2-D interferometric radiometer onboard the SMOS satellite.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

    prompt photo

    MWR (ERS)

    The microwave radiometer (MWR) instrument on board the ERS-1 and ERS-2 missions provided measurements of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column and cloud liquid water content.

  • Instrument - Imaging Radars

    prompt photo

    PALSAR

    The ALOS-1 PALSAR was a successor sensor to the synthetic aperture radar on board JERS-1.

Cookies & Privacy

We use cookies which are essential for you to access our website and to provide you with our services and allow us to measure and improve the performance of our website. Please consult our Cookie Notice for further information or to change your preferences.