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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

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  • Instrument - Radar Spectrometers

    Instrument - Radar Spectrometers

    Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV)

    The Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV) instrument was flown on board the Landsat 1 to 3 satellites.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

    The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

  • Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Thermal Infra-Red Scanner (TIRS)

    TIRS on Landsat 8 is a thermal imager that supplements observations from the OLI instrument.

  • Instrument - Photon/Optical Detectors

    Instrument - Photon/Optical Detectors

    Operational Land Imager (OLI)

    The OLI, on board Landsat 8, measures in the visible, near infrared, and short wave infrared.