THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
    • Vegetation
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Sea Ice
    • Snow and Ice
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
MISSION
INSTRUMENT
  • AATSR
  • ACC
  • ACE-FTS
  • AIRSAFE
  • ALADIN
  • AMI/SAR
  • AMI/Scatterometer
  • ASAR
  • ASCAT
  • ASM
  • ATLID
  • ATSR-1
  • ATSR-2
  • AVHRR
  • AVNIR-2
  • AwiFS
  • BBR
  • BGI
  • CER
  • CHRIS
  • CPR
  • CZCS
  • DORIS
  • EFI
  • EGG
  • EOC
  • ETM
  • FAI
  • FLORIS
  • GERB
  • GIS
  • GOME
  • GOME-2
  • GOMOS
  • GPSR
  • GRACE ACC
  • GRACE INTERFEROMETER
  • GRACE LRR
  • GRACE SCA
  • HiRAIS
  • HiRI
  • HIRS/2
  • HRC
  • HRG
  • HRS
  • HRV
  • HRVIR
  • IASI
  • IRM
  • LISS-3
  • LISS-4
  • LRR
  • LRR
  • MAESTRO
  • MERIS
  • MGF
  • MHS
  • MIPAS
  • MIRAS
  • MODIS
  • MSI
  • MSS
  • MWR
  • NAOMI
  • NMS
  • OCM-2
  • OLI
  • OMI
  • OPS
  • OSA
  • OSIRIS
  • PALSAR
  • PAN
  • PlanetScope Imager
  • PRARE
  • PRISM
  • RA
  • RA2/MWR
  • RRI
  • SAR
  • SCIAMACHY
  • SeaWiFS
  • SeaWinds
  • SEI
  • SENSE
  • SEVIRI
  • SIRAL
  • SkySat Camera
  • SLIM6
  • SMR
  • SSTI
  • Star Tracker
  • STR
  • STRATOS
  • TANSO-CAI
  • TANSO-FTS
  • TIRS
  • TM
  • TSX-1
  • VFM
  • VGT
  • WIF
  • WV1
  • WV6
  • X-SAR
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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-positioning-navigation

PRARE (ERS-1)

The Precise Range And Range-Rate Equipment (PRARE) was a microwave tracking system on board the ERS-1 mission.

a-positioning-navigation

LRR (ERS-1)

An optical device for accurate satellite tracking from the ground to support instrument data evaluation

scatterometers

WS (ERS-1)

The ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer was designed to measure wind over the oceans.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

MWR (ERS-1)

MWR provided measurements of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column and cloud liquid water content.

a-altimeters

RA (ERS-1)

The RA on ERS-1 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

ATSR-1

ATSR-1 instrument was used for measuring sea-surface temperatures and cloud-top temperatures and vegetation monitoring.

a-imaging-radars

SAR (ERS-1)

The ERS-1 satellite, launched on 17 July 1991, carried a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).