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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

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  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    MWR (ERS)

    The microwave radiometer (MWR) instrument on board the ERS-1 and ERS-2 missions provided measurements of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column and cloud liquid water content.

  • Instrument - Scatterometers

    Instrument - Scatterometers

    WS

    The Wind Scatterometer (WS) instrument, on board the ERS-1 and ERS-2 missions, obtained information on wind speed and direction over the sea surface.

  • Instrument - Altimeters

    Instrument - Altimeters

    RA (ERS)

    The Radar Altimeter (RA) was a Ku-band (13.8 GHz) nadir-pointing active microwave sensor, on board ERS-1 and ERS-2 missions, designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

  • Instrument - Scatterometers

    Instrument - Scatterometers

    WS (ERS-2)

    The ERS-2 Wind Scatterometer obtained information on wind speed and direction at the sea surface.

  • Instrument - Scatterometers

    Instrument - Scatterometers

    WS (ERS-1)

    The ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer was designed to measure wind over the oceans.

  • Instrument - Altimeters

    Instrument - Altimeters

    RA (ERS-2)

    The RA on ERS-2 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

  • Instrument - Altimeters

    Instrument - Altimeters

    RA (ERS-1)

    The RA on ERS-1 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.