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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

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  • Instrument - Imaging Radars, Scatterometers

    Instrument - Imaging Radars, Scatterometers

    SAR (ERS)

    The Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument aboard ERS-1 and ERS-2 was capable of high precision change detection of surface heights.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    MWR (ERS)

    The microwave radiometer (MWR) instrument on board the ERS-1 and ERS-2 missions provided measurements of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column and cloud liquid water content.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Thematic Mapper (TM)

    The Thematic Mapper (TM) was a multispectral scanning radiometer on Landsat 4 and Landsat 5.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

    The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

  • Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Thermal Infra-Red Scanner (TIRS)

    TIRS on Landsat 8 is a thermal imager that supplements observations from the OLI instrument.

  • Instrument - Photon/Optical Detectors

    Instrument - Photon/Optical Detectors

    Operational Land Imager (OLI)

    The OLI, on board Landsat 8, measures in the visible, near infrared, and short wave infrared.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+)

    The Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) is the main instrument on board Landsat-7.

  • Instrument - Imaging Radars

    Instrument - Imaging Radars

    SAR (JERS-1)

    The JERS-1 mission had a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) on board.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    ATSR-2

    Used for measuring sea-surface temperatures, cloud-top temperatures and vegetation monitoring.

  • Instrument - Imaging Radars, Scatterometers

    Instrument - Imaging Radars, Scatterometers

    SAR (ERS-2)

    The SAR instrument aboard ERS-2 was capable of high precision change detection of surface heights.