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DATA

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus Level 2C assisted wind fields resulting from NWP Numerical Weather Prediction assimilation processing

    The Level 2C wind product of the Aeolus mission provides ECMWF analysis horizontal wind vectors at the geolocations of assimilated L2B HLOS wind components. The L2C can therefore be described as an Aeolus-assisted horizontal wind vector product. The L2C is a distinct product, however the L2C and L2B share a common Earth Explorer file template, with the L2C being a superset of the L2B. The L2C consists of extra datasets appended to the L2B product with information which are relevant to the data assimilation of the L2B winds.

  • Data - Data Description

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    SAOCOM Europe data products

    This collection provides access to the SAOCOM products acquired in the ASI Zone of Exclusivity, that correspond mainly to the European territory plus the international waters in front of North Africa and the Middle East, archived and catalogued in the ASI/CONAE dissemination system. ASI Zone of Exclusivity   Platform SAOCOM 1A only (in future SAOCOM-1B will be added) Instrument L-Band SAR, 1.275 GHz Sensor mode STRIPMAP for data acquired at fixed azimuth steering (beam from S1 up to S10) TOPSAR for data acquired in ScanSAR like mode (Mode A, Mode B or Wide) Processing level L1A - SLC (single look complex, slat range), L1B - DI (detected image, ground range), L1C - GEC (geocoded on ellipsoid), L1D - GTC (geocoded on DEM) Resolution STRIPMAP: 10m TOPSAR Narrow: 30 - 50m TOPSAR WIDE: 50 - 100m Swath Width STRIPMAP: 20 - 40 km TOPSAR Narrow: 100 - 150 km TOPSAR Wide: 220 - 350 km Polarization Single polarization (HH or VV) only for STRIPMAP Double polarization (HHHV or VHVV) for both STRIPMAP and TOPSAR Quad Polarization for both STRIPMAP and TOPSAR

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus L2A Aerosol/Cloud optical product

    The Level 2A aerosol/cloud optical products of the Aeolus mission include: Geo-located consolidated backscatter and extinction profiles Backscatter-to-extinction coefficient LIDAR ratio, scene classification Heterogeneity index Attenuated backscatter signals. Resolution - Horizontal resolution of L2A optical properties at observation scale (~87 km); Exceptions are group properties (horizontal accumulation of measurements from ~3 km to ~87 km) and attenuated backscatters (~3 km). Note: the resolution of "groups" in the L2A can only go down to 5 measurements at the moment, i.e. ~15 km horizontal resolution. This could be configured to go to 1 measurement - Vertical resolution 250-2000 m (Defined by Range Bin Settings).

  • Data - Data Description

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    GHGSat archive and tasking

    The following products are made available: Abundance dataset (Level 2): Set of per-pixel abundances (ppb or mol/m2) for a single species, and per-pixel measurement error expressed as a standard deviation for a single site on a single satellite pass. Data format is GeoTIFF (16-bit) or optionally GeoTIFF (32-bit or 64-bit floating point) Concentration Maps (Level 2): High readability pseudocolour map combining surface reflectance, and column density expressed in ppb or mol/m2 for a single species in PNG (optional PDF) format. The relevant abundance dataset is provided as well. Emission Rates (Level 4): Instantaneous emission rate from targeted source estimated using abundance datasets from a single satellite pass and applying dispersion modelling techniques in PDF format. The delivered product includes the emission rate estimate with uncertainty and key dispersion parameters (in CSV format) as well as the abundance dataset used for the emission estimate. The properties of available products are summarised in the table Band(s) / Beam Mode(s) and Polarisation SWIR (1635-1675 nm), multiple bands, unpolarised Spatial Resolution <30 m Scene size 12 km x 12 km Species Measured CH4 Geometric Corrections Radial distortion, perspective projection Radiometric Corrections Detector pixel response, ghosting, spectral response, atmospheric correction including trace gas modelling and surface reflectance Details about the data provision, data access conditions and quota assignment procedure are described in the GHGSat Terms of Applicability.

  • Data - Data Description

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    GOSAT-2 TANSO FTS-2 and CAI-2 full archive and new products

    The TANSO-FTS-2 (Thermal And Near infrared Sensor for carbon Observation - Fourier Transform Spectrometer-2) instrument is an high-resolution 5-bands (NIR and TIR) spectrometer which allows the observation of reflective and emissive radiative energy from Earth's surface and the atmosphere for the measurement of atmospheric chemistry and greenhouse gases. The TANSO-CAI-2 (Thermal And Near infrared Sensor for carbon Observation - Cloud and Aerosol Imager-2) instrument is a push-broom radiometer in the spectral ranges of ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), Near Infrared (NIR) and SWIR (5 bands observe in the forward direction and 5 in backwards direction, with LOS tilted of 20 degrees) for the observation of aerosols and clouds optical properties and for monitoring of air pollution The GOSAT-2 available products are: FTS-2 Level 1A products contain interferogram data observed by FTS-2, together with geometric information of observation points and various telemetry. In addition, data from an optical camera (CAM) near the observation time are also stored. Two different products for day and night observations. Common data contain common information for SWIR/TIR including CAM data; SWIR data contain information from SWIR band; TIR data contain information from TIR band; FTS-2 level 1B products contain spectrum data, which are generated by Fourier transformation and other corrections to raw interferogram data in L1A. The sampled CAM data near the observation time are also stored. Two different products for day and night observations. Common data contain common information for SWIR/TIR including CAM data; SWIR products for SWIR spectrum data before and after sensitivity correction; TIR products for TIR spectrum data after sensitivity correction using blackbody and deep space calibration data and after correction of finite field of view. FTS-2 NearRealTime products: FTS-2 data are first processed with predicted orbit file and made immediately available: NRT product does not include monitor camera image, best-estimate pointing-location, and target point classification but is available on the ESA server 5 hours after sensing. After a few days (usually 3 days), data is reprocessed with definitive orbit file and sent as consolidated product. FTS-2 Level 2 products: Column-averaged Dry-air Mole Fraction" products store column-averaged dry-air mole fraction of atmospheric gases retrieved by using Band 1-3 spectral radiance data in TANSO-FTS-2 L1B; "Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Proxy Method (FTS-2_02_SWPR)" products store solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence data retrieved from Band 1 spectral radiance data in L1B Product as well as column-averaged dry-air mole fraction of atmospheric gases retrieved from Band 2 and 3 spectral radiance data in L1B Product. Both products are obtained by using the fill-physic maximum a posteriori (MAP) method and under the assumption of of clear-sky condition CAI-2 Level 1A products contain uncorrected image data of TANSO-CAI-2, which is stored as digital number together with telemetry of geometric information at observation point, orbit and attitude data, temperature, etc. One scene is defined as a satellite revolution data starting from ascending node to the next ascending node. Common data contain common information for both Forward looking and Backward looking; FWD products contain information for Forward looking bands, from 1 to 5; BWD products contain information for Backward looking bands, from 6 to 10. CAI-2 Level 1B products contain spectral radiance data per pixel converted from TANSO-CAI-2 L1A Products. Band-to-band registration of each forward- and backward- viewing band is applied; ortho-correction is performed to observation location data based on an earth ellipsoid model using digital elevation model data. CAI-2 Level 2 products: Cloud Discrimination Products stores clear-sky confidence levels per pixel, which are calculated by combining the results of threshold tests for multiple features such as reflectance ratio and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), obtained from spectral radiance data in GOSAT-2 TANSO-CAI-2 L1B Product. This product also stores cloud status bit data, in which results of individual threshold tests and quality flags are summarized. The full ESA archive and newly acquired/systematically processed GOSAT2 FTS-2 and CAI-2 products are (ESA collection name versus JAXA product name): FTS-2 L1A Common day (FTS-2_1A_COMMON_DAY) FTS-2 L1A Common night (FTS-2_1A_COMMON_NIGHT) FTS-2 L1A SWIR day (FTS-2_1A_SWIR_DAY) FTS-2 L1A TIR day (FTS-2_1A_TIR_DAY) FTS-2 L1A TIR night (FTS-2_1A_TIR_NIGHT) FTS-2 L1B Common day (FTS-2_1B_COMMON_DAY) FTS-2 L1B Common night (FTS-2_1B_COMMON_NIGHT) FTS-2 L1B SWIR day (FTS-2_1B_SWIR_DAY) FTS-2 L1B TIR day (FTS-2_1B_TIR_DAY) FTS-2 L1B TIR night (FTS-2_1B_TIR_NIGHT) FTS-2 L2 Column-averaged Dry-air Mole Fraction (FTS-2_0) FTS-2 L2 Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Proxy Method (FTS-2_02_SWPR) CAI-2 L1A Common (CAI-2_1A_COMMON) CAI-2 L1A Forward viewing (CAI-2_1A_FWD) CAI-2 L1A Backward viewing (CAI-2_1A_BWD) CAI-2 L1B (CAI-2_1B)  

  • Data - Data Description

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    AVHRR Level-1B Local Area Coverage Imagery

    This collection is composed of AVHRR L1B products (1.1 km) reprocessed from the NOAA POES and Metop AVHRR sensors data acquired at the University of Dundee and University of Bern ground stations and from the ESA and University of Bern data historical archive. The product format is the NOAA AVHRR Level 1B that combines the AVHRR data from the HRPT stream with ancillary information like Earth location and calibration data which can be applied by the user. Other appended parameters are time codes, quality indicators, solar and satellite angles and telemetry. Two data collections cover Europe and the neighbouring regions in the period of 1 January 1981 to 31 December 2020 and the acquired data in the context of the 1-KM project in the ‘90s. During the early 1990’s various groups, including the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) Science Team and ESA concluded that a global land 1 KM AVHRR data set would have been crucial to study and develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System. USGS, NOAA, ESA and other non-U.S. AVHRR receiving stations endorsed the initiative to collect a global land 1-km multi-temporal AVHRR data set over all land surfaces using NOAA's TIROS "afternoon" polar-orbiting satellite. On 1 April 1992, the project officially began up to the end of 1999 with the utilisation of 23 stations worldwide plus the NOAA local area coverage (LAC) on-board recorders. The global land 1-km AVHRR dataset is composed of 5 channels, raw AVHRR dataset at 1.1 km resolution from the NOAA-11 and NOAA-14 satellites covering land surfaces, inland water and coastal areas.   Global Land 1 km AVHRR Data Set Project HRPT Ground Station Network (as of 1 April 1992) and Acquisition Areas for LAC Recorded Data Spatial coverage: Check the spatial coverage of the collection on a map available on the Third Party Missions Dissemination Service: AVHRR L1B 1.1 KM AVHRR L1B LAC Out-of-Europe.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie receivers

    The Level 1B wind product of the Aeolus mission contains the preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie receivers, which are generated in Near Real Time. Standard atmospheric correction (Rayleigh channel), receiver response and bias correction is applied. The product is generated within 3 hours after data acquisition.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus Scientific L2B Rayleigh/Mie wind product

    The Level 2B wind product of the Aeolus mission is a geo-located consolidated HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observation with actual atmospheric correction applied to Rayleigh channel. The product is generated within 3 hours after data acquisition.

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    SMOS NRT Data Products

    The SMOS Near Real Time products include Level 1 geo-located brightness temperature and Level 2 geo-located soil moisture estimation. The SMOS NRT L1 Light BUFR product contains brightness temperature geo-located on a reduced Gaussian grid (T511/N256), only for "land" pixels but keeping the full angular resolution. The pixels are consolidated in a full orbit dump segment (i.e. around 100 minutes of sensing time) with a maximum size of about 30MB per orbit. Spatial resolution is in the range of 30-50 km. This product is distributed in BUFR format. The SMOS NRT L2 Soil Moisture Neural Network (NN) product provides NRT soil moisture data based on the statistical coefficients estimated by a neural network. It is provided in the SMOS DGG grid and only at the satellite track. It also provides an estimation of the uncertainty of the estimated soil moisture product, and the probability that a soil moisture value is contaminated by Radio Frequency Interference (RFI). This product is distributed in NetCDF format. The L2 data product is also distributed via the EUMETCast Europe Service (DVB), upon registration on the EUMETSAT Earth Observation Portal. The Ku-band DVB reception station must be situated within the service coverage in Europe. SMOS NRT data is also regularly delivered to the UK Met-Office, then made available to operational agencies and research and development institutes via the WMO GTS Network. For an optimal exploitation of the SMOS NRT products please consult the read-me-first notes available in the Resources section below.

  • Data - Data Description

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    SMOS L1 and L2 Science data

    SMOS Level 1 data products are designed for scientific and operational users who need to work with calibrated MIRAS instrument measurements, while SMOS Level 2 data products are designed for scientific and operational users who need to work with geo-located soil moisture and sea surface salinity estimation as retrieved from the L1 dataset. Products from the SMOS Data Processing Ground Segment (DPGS) located at the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), belonging to the latest processing baseline, have File Class OPER. Reprocessed SMOS data is tagged as REPR. The Level 1A product comprises all calibrated visibilities between receivers (i.e. the interferometric measurements from the sensor including the redundant visibilities), combined per integration time of 1.2s (snapshot). The snapshots are consolidated in a pole-to-pole product file (50 minutes of sensing time) with a maximum size of about 215MB per half orbit (29 half orbits per day). Access to this products is restricted to SMOS Cal/Val users. The Level 1B product comprises the result of the image reconstruction algorithm applied to the L1A data. As a result, the reconstructed image at L1B is simply the difference between the sensed scene by the sensor and the artificial scene. The brightness temperature image is available in its Fourier component in the antenna polarisation reference frame top of the atmosphere. Images are combined per integration time of 1.2 seconds (snapshot). The removal of foreign sources (Galactic, Direct Sun, Moon) is also included in the reconstruction. Snapshot consolidation is as per L1A, with a maximum product size of about 115MB per half orbit. ESA provides the Artificial Scene Library (ASL) to add the artificial scene in L1B for any user that wants to start from L1B products and derive the sensed scene. The Level 1C product contains multi-angular brightness temperatures in antenna frame (X-pol, Y-pol, T3 and T4) at the top of the atmosphere, geo-located in an equal-area grid system (ISEA 4H9 - Icosahedral Snyder Equal Area projection). The pixels are consolidated in a pole-to-pole product file (50 minutes of sensing time), with a maximum size of about 350MB per half orbit (29 half orbits per day). Spatial resolution is in the range of 30-50 km. For each L1C product there is also a corresponding Browse product containing brightness temperatures interpolated for an incidence angle of 42.5°. Two L1C products are available: Land for soil moisture retrieval and Sea for sea surface salinity retrieval. The Level 2 Soil Moisture (SM) product comprises soil moisture measurements geo-located in an equal-area grid system ISEA 4H9. The product contains not only the retrieved soil moisture, but also a series of ancillary data derived from the processing (nadir optical thickness, surface temperature, roughness parameter, dielectric constant and brightness temperature retrieved at top of atmosphere and on the surface) with the corresponding uncertainties. The pixels are consolidated in a pole-to-pole product file (50 minutes of sensing time), with a maximum size of about 7MB (25MB uncompressed data) per half orbit (29 half orbits per day). This product is available in both Earth Explorer and NetCDF formats. The Level 2 Ocean Salinity (OS) product comprises sea surface salinity measurements geo-located in an equal-area grid system ISEA 4H9. The product contains one single swath-based sea surface salinity retrieved with and without Land-Sea contamination correction, SSS anomaly based on WOA-2009 referred to Land-Sea corrected sea surface salinity, brightness temperature at the top of the atmosphere and at the sea surface with their corresponding uncertainties. The pixels are consolidated in a pole-to-pole product file (50 minutes of sensing time), with a maximum size of about 10MB (25MB uncompressed data) per half orbit (29 half orbits per day). This product is available in both Earth Explorer and NetCDF formats. For an optimal exploitation of the SMOS L1 and L2 datasets, please refer to the Resources section below in order to access Product Specifications, read-me-first notes, etc.

  • Data - Data Description

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    SMOS Auxiliary Data

    The Level 2 ECMWF SMOS Auxiliary data product, openly available to all users, contains ECMWF data on the ISEA 4-9 DGG corresponding to SMOS half-orbit. It is used by both the ocean salinity and soil moisture operational processors to store the geophysical parameters from ECMWF forecasts. Access to other SMOS Level 1 and Level 2 "dynamic" and "static" auxiliary datasets is restricted to Cal/Val users. The detailed content of the SMOS Auxiliary Data Files (ADF) is described in the Products Specification documents available in the Resources section below.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat SCIAMACHY Total column densities and stratospheric profiles [SCI_OL__2P]

    The data product provides global column distributions and stratospheric profiles of various trace gases. Total column densities of O3, NO2, OClO, H2O, SO2, BrO, CO, HCHO, CHOCHO and CH4 are retrieved from Nadir measurements. Additional cloud parameters (fractional cloud coverage, cloud-top height, cloud optical thickness) and an aerosol absorption indicator are enclosed. Stratospheric profiles of O3, NO2, and BrO are derived from limb measurements and with flagging information for cloud-types. Tropospheric NO2 columns are retrieved combining limb and nadir measurements. The latest Level 2 dataset is version 6.01.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat SCIAMACHY Geo-located atmospheric spectra [SCI_NL__1P]

    This data product covers geo-located, radiometrically and spectrally calibrated limb and nadir radiance spectra for Nadir, Limb, and Occultation measurements with additional monitoring and calibration measurements. The Level 1b product is the lowest level of SCIAMACHY data delivered to the users. The instrument Instantaneous Field of View (IFoV) is approximately 0.045 deg (scan direction) x 1.8 deg (flight direction). This corresponds to a ground pixel size of 25 Km x 0.6 km at the sub-satellite point (nadir) and of 103 km x 2.6 km at the Earth's horizon (limb). Nadir measurements have a maximum swath width of 960 km (in scan direction) and a typical footprint of 30 km (along track) x 60 km (across track). Limb measurements have a tangent height range spanning from 0 to 100 km with 3 km vertical resolution. Azimuth scans are performed for constant elevation angle, typically 34 elevation steps per limb scan. Maximum azimuth range is +/- 44 deg relative to S/C velocity (Note that the azimuth range is adjusted to observe the same atmospheric volume as for nadir measurements within five minutes). The radiometric resolution is 16 bits, with a spectral resolution of 0.24 nm to 1.5 nm, depending on the spectral range. The Sun normalized radiometric accuracy is 2 to 3% in unpolarized light, and 3 to 4% in polarized light. The relative radiometric accuracy is less than 1% and the spectral accuracy spans form 0.005 nm to 0.035 nm. Individual measurements from dedicated monitoring states include: Sun over diffuser Subsolar calibration Spectral lamp measurements White light source measurements Elevation mirror monitoring (Sun/Moon) ADC calibration Level 1b products are corrected for degradation applying a scan mirror model and m-factors. The latest Level 1b dataset is version 8.0X.

  • Data - Data Description

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    SciSat-1: ACE-FTS and MAESTRO

    SCISAT-1 data aim at monitoring and analysing the chemical processes that control the distribution of ozone in the upper troposphere and stratosphere. It provides acquisitions from the 2 instruments MAESTRO and ACE-FTS. MAESTRO: Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation. Dual-channel optical spectrometer in the spectral region of 285-1030 nm. The objective is to measure ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol/cloud extinction (solar occultation measurements of atmospheric attenuation during satellite sunrise and sunset with the primary objective of assessing the stratospheric ozone budget). Solar occultation spectra are being used for retrieving vertical profiles of temperature and pressure, aerosols, and trace gases (O3, NO2, H2O, OClO, and BrO) involved in middle atmosphere ozone distribution. The use of two overlapping spectrometers (280 - 550 nm, 500 - 1030 nm) improves the stray-light performance. The spectral resolution is about 1-2 nm. ACE-FTS: Fourier Transform Spectrometer The objective is to measure the vertical distribution of atmospheric trace gases, in particular of the regional polar O3 budget, as well as pressure and temperature (derived from CO2 lines). The instrument is an adapted version of the classical sweeping Michelson interferometer, using an optimized optical layout. The ACE-FTS measurements are recorded every 2 s. This corresponds to a measurement spacing of 2-6 km which decreases at lower altitudes due to refraction. The typical altitude spacing changes with the orbital beta angle. For historical reasons, the retrieved results are interpolated onto a 1 km "grid" using a piecewise quadratic method. For ACE-FTS version 1.0, the results were reported only on the interpolated grid (every 1 km from 0.5 to 149.5 km). For versions 2.2, both the "retrieval" grid and the "1 km" grid profiles are available. SCISAT-1 collection provides ACE-FTS and MAESTRO Level 2 Data. As of today, ACE-FTS products are available in version 4.1, while MAESTRO products are available in version 3.13.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Proba-V 1Km, 333m, and 100m products

    The Proba-V VEGETATION Raw products and Synthesis products ensure coverage of all significant landmasses worldwide with, in the case of a 10-day synthesis product, a minimum effect of cloud cover, resulting from selection of cloud-free acquisitions during the 10-day period. It ensures a daily coverage between Lat. 35°N and 75°N, and between 35°S and 56°S, and a full coverage every two days at equator. The VEGETATION instrument is pre-programmed with an indefinite repeated sequence of acquisitions. This nominal acquisition scenario allows a continuous series of identical products to be generated, aiming to map land cover and vegetation growth across the entire planet every two days. Level Synthesis Resolution resolution (m) Reflectance Level 1C n/a   TOA Level 2A n/a 100 m TOA 333 m TOA 1 km TOA Level 3 S1 100 m TOA TOC TOC NDVI 333 m TOA TOC 1 km TOA TOC S5 100 m TOA TOC TOC NDVI S10 333 m TOC TOC NDVI 1 km TOC TOC NDVI Raw products overview: Product Description L1C Level1C segments (P – product): Radiometrically corrected Level 1B data, in raw sensor geometry (unprojected) Contains: - Top Of Atmosphere reflectance in the four spectral bands - Longitude/latitude information for every pixel - Geometric viewing conditions - Information on the status map (indicating missing and interpolated measurements). Format: HDF5 & GeoTiFF L2A Level 2A segment: projected Level1C (P–product) data, radiometrically and geometrically corrected. Contains: - TOA reflectance values in the four spectral bands without atmospheric correction being performed - Information on the status map (containing identification of radiometric quality, snow, ice, shadow, clouds, land/sea for every pixel) - Geometric viewing conditions Plate carrée projection (EPSG:4326) with spatial resolution of 100m, 333m and 1km Format: HDF5 & GeoTiFF Synthesis products overview Level 3 S1 = daily, S5 = 5 days, S10 = decade Different spatial resolution: 100m, 333m and 1km Divided into so called granules, each measuring 10 degrees x 10 degrees, each granule being delivered as a single file Plate carrée projection (EPSG:4326) Format: HDF5 & GeoTiFF   Products Content TOA - Top Of Atmosphere reflectance in the four spectral bands (no atmospheric correction applied) - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) -Information on the composite status map (containing identification of snow, ice, shadow, clouds, land/sea for every pixel) - Geometric viewing conditions & date and time of selected measurement TOC Level 2A segment: projected Level1C (P–product) data, radiometrically and geometrically corrected. Contains: - Top Of Canopy (ground surface) reflectance in the four spectral bands, the atmospheric correction being performed using the SMAC (Simplified Method for Atmospheric Corrections) algorithm - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) - Information on the composite status map (containing identification of snow, ice, shadow, clouds, land/sea for every pixel) Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from Top Of Canopy product (SMAC algorithm for atmospheric corrections applied) - Geometric viewing conditions & date and time of selected measurement TOC NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from Top Of Canopy product (SMAC algorithm for atmospheric corrections applied)

  • Data - Data Description

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    GRACE-A and GRACE-B Level 1B, Level 1B combined and Level 2 Data Products

    Level-1A Data Products are the result of a non-destructive processing applied to the Level-0 data at NASA/JPL. The sensor calibration factors are applied in order to convert the binary encoded measurements to engineering units. Where necessary, time tag integer second ambiguity is resolved and data are time tagged to the respective satellite receiver clock time. Editing and quality control flags are added, and the data is reformatted for further processing. The Level-1A data are reversible to Level-0, except for the bad data packets. This level also includes the ancillary data products needed for processing to the next data level. The Level-1B Data Products are the result of a possibly destructive, or irreversible, processing applied to both the Level-1A and Level-0 data at NASA/JPL. The data are correctly time-tagged, and data sample rate is reduced from the higher rates of the previous levels. Collectively, the processing from Level-0 to Level-1B is called the Level-1 Processing. This level also includes the ancillary data products generated during this processing, and the additional data needed for further processing. The Level-2 data products include the static and time-variable (monthly) gravity field and related data products derived from the application of Level-2 processing at GFZ, UTCSR and JPL to the previous level data products. This level also includes the ancillary data products such as GFZ's Level-1B short-term atmosphere and ocean de-aliasing product (AOD1B) generated during this processing. GRACE-A and GRACE-B Level-1B Data Product: Satellite clock solution [GA-OG-1B-CLKDAT, GB-OG-1B-CLKDAT, GRACE CLKDAT]: Offset of the satellite receiver clock relative to GPS time, obtained by linear fit to raw on-board clock offset estimates. GPS flight data [GA-OG-1B-GPSDAT, GB-OG-1B-GPSDAT, GRACE GPSDAT]: Preprocessed and calibrated GPS code and phase tracking data edited and decimated from instrument high-rate (10 s (code) or 1 s (phase)) to low-rate (10 s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format) Accelerometer Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-ACCHKP, GB-OG-1B-ACCHKP, GRACE ACCHKP]: Accelerometer proof-mass bias voltages, capacitive sensor outputs, instrument control unit (ICU) and sensor unit (SU) temperatures, reference voltages, primary and secondary power supply voltages (1 file per day, level-1 format). Accelerometer data [GA-OG-1B-ACCDAT, GB-OG-1B-ACCDAT, GRACE ACCDAT]: Preprocessed and calibrated Level-1B accelerometer data edited and decimated from instrument high-rate (0.1 s) to low-rate (1s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format). Intermediate clock solution [GA-OG-1B-INTCLK, GB-OG-1B-INTCLK, GRACE INTCLK]: derived with GIPSY POD software (300 s sample rate) (1 file per day, GIPSY format) Instrument processing unit (IPU) Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-IPUHKP, GB-OG-1B-IPUHKP, GRACE IPUHKP]: edited and decimated from high-rate (TBD s) to low-rate (TBD s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format) Spacecraft Mass Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-MASDAT, GB-OG-1B-MASDAT, GRACE MASDAT]: Level 1B Data as a function of time GPS navigation solution data [GA-OG-1B-NAVSOL, GB-OG-1B-NAVSOL, GRACE NAVSOL]: edited and decimated from instrument high-rate (60 s) to low-rate (30 s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format) OBDH time mapping to GPS time Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-OBDHTM, GB-OG-1B-OBDHTM, GRACE OBDHTM]: On-board data handling (OBDH) time mapping data (OBDH time to receiver time Star camera data [GA-OG-1B-SCAATT, GB-OG-1B-SCAATT, GRACE SCAATT]: Preprocessed and calibrated star camera quaternion data edited and decimated from instrument high-rate (1 s) to low-rate (5 s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format) Thruster activation Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-THRDAT, GB-OG-1B-THRDAT, GRACE THRDAT]: GN2 thruster data used for attitude (10 mN) and orbit (40 mN) control GN2 tank temperature and pressure Housekeeping data [GA-OG-1B-TNKDAT, GB-OG-1B-TNKDAT, GRACE TNKDAT]: GN2 tank temperature and pressure data Oscillator frequency data [GA-OG-1B-USODAT, GB-OG-1B-USODAT, GRACE USODAT]: derived from POD product GRACE-A and GRACE-B Combined Level-1B Data Product Preprocessed and calibrated k-band ranging data [GA-OG-1B-KBRDAT, GB-OG-1B-KBRDAT, GRACE KBRDAT]: range, range-rate and range-acceleration data edited and decimated from instrument high-rate (0.1 s) to low-rate (5 s) samples for science use (1 file per day, level-1 format) Atmosphere and Ocean De-aliasing Product [GA-OG-1B-ATMOCN, GB-OG-1B-ATMOCN, GRACE ATMOCN]: GRACE Atmosphere and Ocean De-aliasing Product GRACE Level-2 Data Product: GAC [GA-OG-_2-GAC, GB-OG-_2-GAC, GRACE GAC]: Combination of non-tidal atmosphere and ocean spherical harmonic coefficients provided as average over certain time span (same as corresponding GSM product) based on level-1 AOD1B product (1file per time span, level-2 format) GCM [GA-OG-_2-GCM, GB-OG-_2-GCM, GRACE GCM]: Spherical harmonic coefficients and standard deviations of the long-term static gravity field estimated by combination of GRACE satellite instrument data and other information for a dedicated time span (multiple years) and spatial resolution (1 file per time span, level-2 format) GAB [GA-OG-_2-GAB, GB-OG-_2-GAB, GRACE GAB]: Non-tidal ocean spherical harmonic coefficients provided as average over certain time span (same as corresponding GSM product) based on level-1 AOD1B product (1file per time span, level-2 format) GAD [GA-OG-_2-GAD, GB-OG-_2-GAD, GRACE GAD]: bottom pressure product - combination of surface pressure and ocean (over the oceans, and zero over land). Spherical harmonic coefficients provided as average over certain time span (same as corresponding GSM product) based on level-1 AOD1B product (1file per time span, level-2 format) GSM [GA-OG-_2-GSM, GB-OG-_2-GSM, GRACE GSM]: Spherical harmonic coefficients and standard deviations of the static gravity field estimated from GRACE satellite instrument data only for a dedicated time span (e.g. weekly, monthly, multiple years) and spatial resolution (1 file per time span, level-2 format).

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat MIPAS L2 - Temperature, pressure and atmospheric constituents profiles [MIPAS_2PS/2PE]

    This MIPAS Level 2 data product describes localised vertical profiles of pressure, temperature and 21 target species (H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, NO2, CFC-11, ClONO2, N2O5, CFC-12, COF2, CCL4, HCN, CFC-14, HCFC-22, C2H2, C2H6, COCl2, CH3Cl, OCS and HDO). It has a global coverage of Earth's stratosphere and mesosphere at all latitudes and longitudes. The vertical resolution of p, T and VMR profiles varies from 3 to 4 km, whereas the horizontal resolution is approximately 300 km to 500 km along track. This depends on the tangent height range and optical properties of the atmosphere. Auxiliary data include spectroscopic data, microwindows data, validation data, initial guess p, T and trace gas VMR profiles. The resolution range of the dataset is: 3 km (vertical) x 30 km (horizontal) at the tangent point. The latest reprocessed MIPAS Level 2 data (v8.22) is available as Standard (MIPAS_2PS) and Extended (MIPAS_2PE) products, both in NetCDF format. Please refer to the MIPAS L2 v8.22 Product Quality Readme file for further details.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles [GOM_NL__2P]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles. In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction). The file size is 1 Mbyte per occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Residual extinction [GOM_EXT_2P]

    Re-computed transmission spectra corrected for scintillation and dilution effects, before and after inversion. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction). The file size is 1 Mbyte per occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat MIPAS L1 - Geo-located and calibrated atmospheric spectra [MIP_NL__1P]

    This MIPAS Level 1 data product covers the geo-located, spectrally and radiometrically calibrated limb emission spectra in the 685-2410 cm-1 wave number range. It comprises 5 bands: 685-980 cm-1, 1010-1180 cm-1, 1205-1510 cm-1, 1560-1760 cm-1, 1810-2410 cm-1 and covers the following spatial ranges: Tangent height range: 5 to 170 km Pointing range: (azimuth pointing range relative to satellite velocity vector): 160° - 195° (rearward anti-flight direction); 80° - 110° (sideward anti-Sun direction). The instantaneous field of view (IFOV) is 0.05230 (elevation) x 0.5230 (azimuth)°. The length of measurement cell for an individual height step is approximately 300-500 km (dependent on tangent height and optical properties of the atmosphere). The spectral resolution spans from 0.030 to 0.035 cm-1, with a radiometric sensitivity of 4.2 to 50 nW / cm-1 / sr / cm2. The resolution range of the dataset is: 3 km (vertical) x 30 km (horizontal) at the tangent point. Please consult the Product Quality Readme file for MIPAS Level 1b IPF 8.03 before using the data.

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