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DATA

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

  • Data - Data Description

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    ALOS PALSAR International Polar Year Antarctica

    International Polar Year (IPY), focusing on the north and south polar regions, aimed to investigate the impact of how changes to the ice sheets affect ocean and climate change to the habitats in these regions. IPY was a collaborative project involving over sixty countries for two years from March 2007 to March 2009. To meet the project goal, world space agencies observed these regions intensively using their own Earth observation satellites. One of these satellites, ALOS - with the PALSAR (Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) sensor - observed these regions independently from day-night conditions or weather conditions. Carrying on this initiative, ESA is providing the ALOS PALSAR IPY Antarctica dataset, which consists of full resolution ALOS PALSAR ScanSAR WB1 products (100 m spatial resolution) over Antarctica from July 2008 (cycle 21) to December 2008 (Cycle 24) and from May 2009 (cycle 27) to March 2010 (cycle 31). Missing products between the two periods above is due to L0 data over Antarctica not being available in ADEN archives and not processed to L1. Spatial coverage: Check the spatial coverage of the collection on a map available on the Third Party Missions Dissemination Service.

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    ALOS African Coverage ESA archive

    ALOS Africa is a dataset of the best available (cloud minimal, below 10%) African coverage acquired by AVNIR-2 in OBS mode and PRISM in OB1 mode (all Backward, Nadir and Forward views, in separated products), two different collections one for each instrument. The processing level for both AVNIR-2 and PRISM products is L1B. This dataset is a subset of the main ALOS AVNIR-2 and ALOS PRISM ESA collections. ALOS AVNIR-2: https://doi.org/10.5270/AL1-d9cfa6d ALOS PRISM: https://doi.org/10.5270/AL1-5e400fd.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Single Look Complex L1 [ASA_IMS_1P]

    This data product represents a single-look, complex, slant-range, digital image generated from Level 0 ASAR data collected when the instrument is in Image Mode. Seven possible swaths in HH or VV polarisation are available. The product is primarily intended for use in SAR quality assessment and calibration or applications requiring complex SAR images such as interferometry, and can be used to derive higher level products. The spatial coverage is about 100 km along track per 56- 100 km across track, and the radiometric resolution is 1 look in azimuth, 1 look in range. The file size is 741 Mbytes. It is worth highlighting that Azimuth pixel spacing depends on Earth-Satellite relative velocity and actual PRF and slant range pixel spacing is given by ASAR sampling frequency (19.208 Mhz). Auxiliary data include: Orbit state vector, Time correlation parameters, Main Processing parameters ADS, Doppler Centroid ADS, Chirp ADS, Antenna Elevation Pattern ADS, Geolocation Grid ADS, SQ ADS. Spatial Resolution: approximately 8m slant range x approximately 4m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Precision L1 [ASA_IMP_1P]

    This is a multi-look, ground range, digital Precision Image generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Image Mode (7 possible swaths HH or VV polarisation). The product includes slant range to ground range correction. It is for users wishing to perform applications-oriented analysis and applies to multi-temporal imaging and to derive backscattering coefficients. The stand-alone image is generated using the Range/Doppler algorithm. The processing uses up to date (at time of processing) auxiliary parameters corrected for antenna elevation gain, and range spreading loss. Engineering corrections and relative calibration are applied to compensate for well-understood sources of system variability. Absolute calibration parameters, when available (depending on external calibration activities) are provided in the product annotations. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR_PRI product. Spatial Resolution: 30 m ground range x 30 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR AP Medium Resolution L1 [ASA_APM_1P]

    This ASAR Alternating Polarization Medium Resolution Image product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Alternating Polarisation Mode. The product has lower geometric resolution but higher radiometric resolution than ASA_APP and contains one or two co-registered images corresponding to one of the three polarisation combination sub modes (HH and VV, HH and HV, VV and VH). This product has been processed using the SPECAN algorithm and contains radiometric resolution good enough for ice applications and covers a continuous area along the imaging swath. The ASAR AP L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_APM_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 150 m ground range x 150 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR WS L0 [ASA_WS__0P]

    The WS Mode Level 0 product consists of time-ordered AISPs collected while the instrument was is in Wide Swath Mode. The echo samples in the AISPs have been compressed to 4 bits per sample using FBAQ. This is a high-rate, wide swath (ScanSAR) mode so data is only acquired for partial orbit segments and is composed from five image swaths (SS1 to SS5). The Level 0 product is produced systematically for all data acquired within this mode. The objective of this product is to offer Level 0 data for possible image processing on another processing site. It includes mandatory information for SAR processing. Data Size: 400 km across track x 400 km along track.

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    Envisat ASAR WS Medium Resolution L1 [ASA_WSM_1P]

    The strip-line product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Wide Swath Mode. The product includes slant range to ground range corrections and covers a continuous area along the imaging swath. It is intended to perform application oriented analysis on large scale phenomena over a wide region and for multi-temporal imaging. This is the standard product for ASAR Wide Swath Mode. The ASAR WS L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_WSM_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 150 m slant range x 150 m azimuth.

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    CryoSat products

    CryoSat's primary payload is the SAR/Interferometric Radar Altimeter (SIRAL) which has extended capabilities to meet the measurement requirements for ice-sheet elevation and sea-ice freeboard. CryoSat also carries three star trackers for measuring the orientation of the baseline. In addition, a radio receiver called Doppler Orbit and Radio Positioning Integration by Satellite (DORIS) and a small laser retroreflector ensures that CryoSat's position will be accurately tracked. More detailed information on CryoSat instruments is available on the CryoSat mission page. The following CryoSat datasets are available and distributed to users: Level 1B and L2 Ice products: NRT, LRM, SAR and SARIn Consolidated Level 2 (GDR): (LRM+SAR+SARIN) consolidated ice products over an orbit Intermediate Level 2 Ice products: LRM, SAR and SARIn L1b and L2 Ocean Products: NOP, GOP and IOP Cryo-TEMPO Land Ice  Cryo-TEMPO Sea Ice Cryo-TEMPO Coastal Ocean Cryo-TEMPO Polar Ocean Cryo-TEMPO Inland Waters Cryo-TEMPO EOLIS Point Products Cryo-TEMPO EOLIS Gridded Products CryoSat Quaternions Product. Detailed information concerning each of the above datasets is available in the CryoSat Products Overview.   CryoSat Ice and Ocean products CryoSat Level 1B altimetric products contain time and geo-location information as well as SIRAL measurements in engineering units. Calibration corrections are included and have been applied to the window delay computations. In Offline products, geophysical corrections are computed from Analysis Auxiliary Data Files (ADFs), whereas in FDM products corrections are computed for Forecast ADFs. All corrections are included in the data products and therefore the range can be calculated by taking into account the surface type. The Offline Level 2 LRM, SAR and SARIn ice altimetric products are generated 30 days after data acquisition and are principally dedicated to glaciologists working on sea-ice and land-ice areas. The Level 2 FDM products are near-real time ocean products, generated 2-3 hours after data acquisition, and fulfill the needs of some ocean operational services. Level 2 products contain the time of measurement, the geo-location and the height of the surface. IOP and GOP are outputs of the CryoSat Ocean Processor. These products are dedicated to the study of ocean surfaces, and provided specifically for the needs of the oceanographic community. IOP are generated 2-3 days after data sensing acquisition and use the DORIS Preliminary Orbit. GOP are typically generated 30 days after data sensing acquisition and use the DORIS Precise Orbit. Geophysical corrections are computed from the Analysis ADFs, however following the oceanographic convention the corrections are available but not directly applied to the range (as for FDM). CryoSat Ice and Ocean products can be accessed through ftp://science-pds.cryosat.esa.int/ via an FTP client and HTTPS under the folders named “SIR_” followed by the data product type and the processing level (e.g., SIR_SAR_L2 for Level 2 SAR data). Additionally, data can be downloaded from all the other services listed in the How to Access Data section.   Cryo-TEMPO Products The CryoSat ThEMatic PrOducts (Cryo-TEMPO) projects aim to deliver a new paradigm of simplified, harmonized, and agile CryoSat-2 products, that are easily accessible to new communities of non-altimeter experts and end users. The Cryo-TEMPO datasets include dedicated products over five thematic areas, covering Sea Ice, Land Ice, Polar Ocean, Coastal Ocean and Inland Water. The standard Cryo-TEMPO products include fully-traceable uncertainties and use rapidly evolving, state-of-the-art processing dedicated to each thematic area. Throughout the project, the products will be constantly evolved, and validated by a group of Thematic Users, thus ensuring optimal relevance and impact for the intended target communities. More information on the Cryo-TEMPO products can be found in the Product Handbook and on the Project Website. The products can be accessed through ftp://science-pds.cryosat.esa.int/ via an FTP client and HTTPS under the folders named “TEMPO_*_(SI/LI/PO/CO/IW)", where the last two letters are the initials of the thematic area (e.g., SI stands for Sea Ice).   Cryo-TEMPO EOLIS The CryoTEMPO-EOLIS swath product exploits CryoSat's SARIn mode and the novel Swath processing technique to deliver increased spatial and temporal coverage of time-dependent elevation over land ice, a critical metric for tracking ice mass trends in support to a wide variety of end-users. The dataset consists of systematic reprocessing of the entire CryoSat archive to generate new L2-Swath products, increasing data sampling by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude compared with the operational L2 ESA product. In addition, the EOLIS dataset is joined with the ESA L2 Point-Of-Closest-Approach to generate monthly DEM (Digital Elevation Model) products. This dataset will further the ability of the community to analyse and understand trends across the Greenland Ice Sheet margin, Antarctica and several mountain glaciers and ice caps around the world. More information on the Cryo-TEMPO products can be found on the Project Website and the products can be accessed through ftp://science-pds.cryosat.esa.int/ via an FTP client and HTTPS under the folders named “TEMPO_SWATH_(POINT/GRID)”, where the last word is used to choose between the available “Point” and “Gridded” datasets. Additionally, Cryo-TEMPO EOLIS products can be visualised and downloaded from the CS2EO Platform.   CryoSat Quaternions Product This product contains the attitude quaternions for the CryoSat-2 mission. It is obtained starting from the corrected mispointing angles measured by the platform star trackers. More information on the product can be found in the Algorithm Description and Product Format Specification documents. The quaternions product can be accessed through CryoSat CalVal FTP server ftp://calval-pds.cryosat.esa.int via an FTP client under the “AUX_PROQUA” folder. Accounts will be created for each interested user and should be requested from the CryoSat Mission Geophysicist, Dr. Alessandro Di Bella (alessandro.di.bella@ext.esa.int).

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    Envisat ASAR AP Precision L1 [ASA_APP_1P]

    This ASAR Alternating Polarisation Mode Precision product is generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument is in Alternating Polarisation Mode (7 possible swaths). The product contains two CO-registered images corresponding to one of the three polarisation combination submodes (HH and VV, HH and HV, VV and VH). This is a stand-alone multi-look, ground range, narrow swath digital image generated using the SPECAN algorithm and the most up to date auxiliary information available at the time of processing. Engineering corrections and relative calibration (antenna elevation gain, range spreading loss) are applied to compensate for well-understood sources of system variability. Generation of this product uses a technique to allow half the looks of an image to be acquired in horizontal polarisation and the other half in vertical polarisation and processed to 30-m resolution (with the exception of IS1). Absolute calibration parameters are available depending on external calibration activities and are provided in the product annotations. Spatial Resolution: 30 m ground range x 30 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR AP Single-Look Complex L1 [ASA_APS_1P]

    This product is a complex, slant-range, digital image generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument is in Alternating Polarisation mode. (7 possible swaths). It contains two CO-registered images corresponding to one of the three polarisation combination submodes (HH and VV, HH and HV, VV and VH). In addition, the product uses the Range Doppler algorithm and the most up to date processing parameters available at the time of processing. It can be used to derive higher level products for SAR image quality assessment, calibration and interferometric applications, if allowed by the instrument acquisition. A minimum number of corrections and interpolations are performed on the data in order to allow the end-user maximum freedom to derive higher level products. Complex output data is retained to avoid loss of information. Absolute calibration parameters are available depending on external calibration activities and are provided in the product annotations. Spatial Resolution: approximately 8m slant range x approximately 4m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR IM L0 [ASA_IM__0P]

    The ASAR Image Mode source packets Level 0 data product offers Level 0 data for possible images processing on an other processing site. It includes some mandatory information for SAR processing. The Image Mode Level 0 product consists of time-ordered Annotated Instrument Source Packets (AISPs) collected by the instrument in Image Mode. The echo samples contained in the AISPs are compressed to 4 bits/sample using Flexible Block Adaptive Quantisation (FBAQ). This is a high-rate, narrow swath mode so data is only acquired for partial orbit segments and may be from one of seven possible image swaths. The Level 0 product is produced systematically for all data acquired within this mode. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR_RAW product.

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    Envisat ASAR Global Monitoring L1 [ASA_GM1_1P]

    This product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Global Monitoring Mode. One product covers a full orbit. The product includes slant range to ground range corrections. This strip-line product is the standard for ASAR Global Monitoring Mode. It is processed to approximately 1 km resolution using the SPECAN algorithm. The swath width is approximately 400 km. The ASAR GM L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_GM1_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 1 km ground range x 1 km azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Medium Resolution L1 [ASA_IMM_1P]

    This ASAR Medium Resolution strip-line product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Image Mode. This product has lower resolution but higher radiometric resolution than the ASA_IMP. It is intended to perform applications-oriented analysis on large scale phenomena and multi-temporal imaging. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR Image Mode data. The ASAR IM L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_IMM_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 150 m ground range x 150 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR Wave SLC and Cross-Spectra Imagettes L1 [ASA_WVI_1P]

    This is the basic Level 1B ASAR Wave Mode product, including up to 400 single-look, complex, slant range, imagettes generated from Level 0 data and up to 400 imagette power spectra computed using the cross-spectra methodology. The auxiliary parameters used are the most up-to-date at the time of processing. A minimum number of corrections and interpolations are performed in order to allow the end-user maximum freedom to derive higher level products. Complex output data is retained to avoid loss of information. Absolute calibration parameters, when available (depending on external calibration activities), are provided in the product annotations. Imagette power spectrum is equivalent to the ERS UWA (Near Real Time) product with revisited algorithm (cross-spectra) taking into account the higher quality of the SLC imagette. Note that starting from an SLC imagette, the generation of an ERS UWA-type product might be ensured by a simple look detection and summation. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR wave mode data. Imagette Spatial Resolution: 20 m ground range x 20 m azimuth. Cross Spectra Output: Wavelength range from 20 to 1000 m in 24 logarithmic steps.

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    Envisat ASAR WM Ocean Wave Spectra L2 [ASA_WVW_2P]

    The ASAR Wave Mode product is created by inverting the cross-spectra which is computed from inter-look processing of the SLC wave imagettes in order to derive the directional ocean product ocean wave spectra. Auxiliary ADSs included with the product remains the same as for the ASAR Wave Mode Cross-Spectra product. The output follows the format of the Envisat ASAR Level 1B Wave Mode Imagette Cross-Spectra (ASA_WVS_1P) product. This is done in order to be compatible with the ground segment products of Envisat ASAR. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR wave mode data. Output: Wavelength range from 20 to 1000 m in 24 logarithmic steps.

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles - User Friendly Product [GOMOS_UFP]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles: In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction) The GOMOS data are now also available as user friendly products in the NetCDF4-format. These products are occultation based (dark and bright) and include all GOMOS Level 2 constituent profiles (O3, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air and aerosols) and HRTP profiles with all the essential parameters as in the original Envisat data set format.

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles - Gridded User Friendly Product [-]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles: In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62° to +68° Azimuth range: +90° to +190° (with respect to the flight direction). The GOMOS data are now also available as user friendly products in the NetCDF4-format. These files are Level 2 constituent profiles and are altitude gridded. These Level 2 files include quality flags and are based and collected on a yearly basis.

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    Envisat GOMOS Geolocated Calibrated Transmission Spectra and Photometer Fluxes [GOM_TRA_1P]

    This data product describes the geolocated and calibrated transmission spectra products, containing the full transmission and the covariance spectra needed for Level 2 processing. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction). The file size is 1 MB per occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

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    Envisat ASAR Wave Imagette Cross Spectra L1 [ASA_WVS_1P]

    The ASAR Wave product is extracted from the combined SLC and Cross Spectra product, ASA_WVI_1P, which is generated from data collected when the instrument was in Wave Mode using the Cross Spectra methodology. The product is meant for Meteo users. The spatial coverage is up to 20 spectra acquired every 100 km, with a minimum coverage of 5km x 5km. The file size has a maximum of 0.2 Mbytes. Auxiliary data include Orbit state vector, Time correlation parameters, Wave Processing parameters ADS, Wave Geolocation ADS, SQ ADS. The product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR wave mode data. Output: Wavelength range from 20 to 1000 m in 24 logarithmic steps.

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    ERS-2 GOME Spectral Product L1

    GOME Level 1 products contain Earthshine radiance at the Top of the Atmosphere and solar irradiance spectra. They were generated by DLR on behalf of the European Space Agency with Level 1 GOME Data Processor (GDP-L1) starting from the Extracted GOME Calibration (EGOC) Level 0 data files. Originally raw detector signals (binary Analog to Digital Converted units) of the science measurements plus calibration constants were provided (dataset version 4 and lower), but following the end of the operational phase of the ERS-2 mission (2 July 2011), as part of ESA's post-operational algorithm improvement activities (Coldewey-Egbers et al., 2018), the GOME Level 1 data type was entirely revised and a dataset of fully calibrated and ready to use data was generated with GOME processor version 5.1. The version 5.1 data bring relevant quality improvements for the revised calibration approach, compensating aging and instrument degradation, and provide enhanced accessibility. The version 5.1 data are in NetCDF format and differ fundamentally from the previous GOME Level 1 data, having the Envisat proprietary format and basically containing Level 1a data where a dedicated extraction software tool had to be applied by end user to obtain spectrally and radiometrically calibrated radiances (including the correction for polarisation, leakage current and stray light). Such calibrations are now applied to the version 5.1 L1b data product in the standard processing. Users of GOME Level 1 products are strongly recommended to migrate to the latest reprocessed dataset. Please consult the GOME Product Quality Readme file before using the data.

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