Swarm is dedicated to creating a highly detailed survey of the Earth’s geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution as well as the electric field in the atmosphere using a constellation of three identical satellites.
ESA's Earth Observation Science for Society programme aims to promote scientific exploitation of satellite data, forges new scientific discoveries and pioneers new services, stimulating downstream industrial and economic growth.
The overall objective of the ESC Geomagnetic Conditions - definition and development activities work is to ensure operational and development activities within the Geomagnetic Conditions Expert Service Centre (G-ESC) of ESA's Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Space Weather (SWE) network.
Topside Ionosphere Radio Observations from multiple LEO-missions (TIRO) project will provide two measurements from onboard instruments of LEO satellite missions: TEC (Total Electron Content) derived from GNSS signals, and electron density derived from KBR (K-Band Ranging) system observations.
The main objective of Swarm Ion Temperature Estimation (SITE) project is to estimate ion temperatures along the orbits of Swarm satellites using available LP electron density and temperature measurements, and numerical models.
In the project, Plasmapause Related boundaries in the topside Ionosphere as determined from Swarm Measurements (PRISM), the team develop products that characterise position of the plasmapause related phenomena in the topside ionosphere.
AuroraX-DISC activities is building directly on the Swarm-Aurora framework. The team will continue to evolve the metadata and summary data from the satellites and the ground-based (and ultimately space-based) imagers in response to suggestions by users.
The ionospheric signature of auroral and subauroral fast flows project is a Living Planet Fellowship research project that aims to advance the understanding of narrow regions of fast flow in the auroral and subauroral regions.
Swarm Investigation of the Energetics of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling (SIEMIC) project is a Living Planet Fellowship research project to discover how much energy flows from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere at which scales into each hemisphere?
VERtical coupling in Earth's Atmosphere at mid and high latitudes (VERA) is a project in response to the ESA ITT "Swarm+ Coupling: High-Low Atmosphere Interactions" with the duration of sixteen months.
The main objective of COSTO (Contribution of Swarm data to the prompt detection of Tsunamis and other natural hazards) project is to better characterise, understand and discover coupling processes and interactions.