The main objective of Swarm Ion Temperature Estimation (SITE) project is to estimate ion temperatures along the orbits of Swarm satellites using available LP electron density and temperature measurements, and numerical models.
In the project, Plasmapause Related boundaries in the topside Ionosphere as determined from Swarm Measurements (PRISM), the team develop products that characterise position of the plasmapause related phenomena in the topside ionosphere.
VERtical coupling in Earth's Atmosphere at mid and high latitudes (VERA) is a project in response to the ESA ITT "Swarm+ Coupling: High-Low Atmosphere Interactions" with the duration of sixteen months.
The Swarm+ Coupling High-Low Atmosphere Interactions: Ion Outflow ("Swarm+ Outflow") project, which began in May 2019, centres on using Swarm spacecraft to tackle unanswered questions around non-thermal processes that lead to ion outflow.
Aeolus’s telescope requires periodic collimation and refocussing. To this end, the Instrument Telescope Refocussing activity aims to improve the radiometric performance of the Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument (ALADIN)’s telescope by optimizing the throughput at the field stop, the smallest aperture where the return light has to pass. This is done through a change of the temperature settings on the telescope.
Strateole-2 is a French-US project supported by ESA that uses CNES superpressure balloons drifting around the globe to study the climate processes in the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL) and the lower stratosphere, helping Aeolus validation activities along the way.