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MISSIONS

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with otheragencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

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  • Mission - Heritage Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions

    ERS

    The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat Series

    The Landsat series is the world's longest running system of satellites for moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat 4 and Landsat 5

    The Landsat 4 and 5 missions were active between 1982 and 2013, and continue the Landsat programme's goal of providing moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat-1 to Landsat-3

    The Landsat 1 to 3 satellites were the first in the United States' Landsat programme, dedicated to monitoring the Earth's land mass.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    RapidEye

    Together, the five RapidEye satellites are capable of collecting over 4 million square kilometres of 5 m resolution, 5-band colour imagery every day.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat 8

    Landsat 8 is an Earth-imaging satellite from NASA which launched in 2013. The Landsat programme provides a global archive of satellite imagery and is managed and operated by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat 7

    Landsat 7 was launched in 1999 and remains operational.

  • Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    JERS-1

    The overall objectives of JERS-1 were the generation of global data sets with SAR and OPS sensors aimed at surveying resources, establishing an integrated Earth observation system