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MISSIONS

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with otheragencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

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  • Mission - Earth Explorers

    Mission - Earth Explorers

    SMOS

    The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is dedicated to making global observations of soil moisture over land and salinity over oceans

  • Mission - Earth Watch

    Mission - Earth Watch

    PROBA-V

    The PROBA-V mission provides multispectral images to study the evolution of the vegetation cover on a daily and global basis.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    PROBA-1

    PROBA-1 is a technology demonstration satellite that later became an operational Earth observation mission.

  • Mission - Earth Explorers, Heritage Missions

    Mission - Earth Explorers, Heritage Missions

    GOCE

    ESA's Gravity field and Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) mission mapped Earth's geoid very accurately, opening a window into Earth's interior structure as well as the currents circulating within the depths of its oceans. 

  • Mission - Heritage Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions

    Envisat

    Envisat was ESA's successor to ERS. Envisat carried ten instruments aboard for a wide range of Earth observing fields. The mission was operational from 2002 to 2012.

  • Mission - Heritage Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions

    ERS

    The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    COSMO SkyMed Series

    COSMO-SkyMed (COnstellation of small Satellites for the Mediterranean basin Observation) Series is owned and operated by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana) and is funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and the Italian Ministry of Defense.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation

    COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation is at the forefront of radar technology, will ensure improvements and guarantee continuity with the First Generation CSK satellites, preserving the high quality and the highest precision features, both required for the interferometric activities.

  • Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Copernicus Sentinel-3

    Copernicus Sentinel-3 is an European Earth Observation satellite mission developed to support Copernicus ocean, land, atmospheric, emergency, security and cryospheric applications.

  • Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Copernicus Sentinel-2

    The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission comprises a constellation of two polar-orbiting satellites placed in the same sun-synchronous orbit, phased at 180° to each other.

  • Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Mission - Copernicus Sentinels

    Copernicus Sentinel-1

    The Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission comprises a constellation of two polar-orbiting satellites, operating day and night performing C-band synthetic aperture radar imaging, enabling them to acquire imagery regardless of the weather.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    WorldView-4

    WorldView-4 was an imaging and environment-monitoring satellite from DigitalGlobe of the United States, which offered very high resolution imagery.

  • Mission - Earth Explorers

    Mission - Earth Explorers

    Biomass

    The objective of the Biomass mission is to determine the global distribution of forest biomass.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    WorldView-1

    WorldView-1 helped meet the growing commercial demand for multi-spectral geospatial imagery.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    PAZ

    The PAZ (Spanish for “peace”) satellite, operates as a constellation alongside TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X.

  • Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    IRS-1C and IRS-1D

    The Indian Remote Sensing satellites IRS-1C and IRS-1D were identical Earth-imaging satellites operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    Landsat Series

    The Landsat series is the world's longest running system of satellites for moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    WorldView Series

    The WorldView constellation are environment-monitoring satellites, from DigitalGlobe, have been supplying imagery since 2007.

  • Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    Mission - Heritage Missions, Third Party Missions

    DMC First Generation

    The Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) is a constellation of microsatellites formerly coordinated by DMCii to provide frequent observations of the Earth for monitoring natural disasters.

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

    Mission - Third Party Missions

    TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X

    The TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X satellites feature a unique geometric accuracy that is unmatched by any other spaceborne sensor.