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Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

  • Instrument - Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers

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    Thematic Mapper (TM)

    The Thematic Mapper (TM) was a multispectral scanning radiometer on board Landsat-4 and Landsat-5.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

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    Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV)

    The Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV) instrument was flown onboard the Landsat-1 to 3 satellites.