THEMATIC AREA
MISSION
INSTRUMENT
Relevance
Relevance
Newest First
Oldest First
A-Z
Z-A

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

Search items

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Thematic Mapper (TM)

    The Thematic Mapper (TM) was a multispectral scanning radiometer on Landsat 4 and Landsat 5.

  • Instrument - Radar Spectrometers

    Instrument - Radar Spectrometers

    Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV)

    The Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV) instrument was flown on board the Landsat 1 to 3 satellites.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

    The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers

    Vegetation (VGT)

    The main PROBA-V payload is the Vegetation sensor (VGT): a multispectral pushbroom spectrometer.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    LRR (Envisat)

    The LRR instrument aboard Envisat was used to accurately determine the orbital height of the satellite.

  • Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    STR (Swarm)

    The Swarm Star Trackers retrieve information on the precise satellite orientation and attitude.

  • Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    ACC (Swarm)

    The Accelerometer measures the Swarm satellite’s non-gravitational acceleration in its respective orbit.

  • Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    Instrument - Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments

    GPSR and LRR (Swarm)

    Each Swarm satellite is equipped with a Laser Retroreflector for external calibration and validation of the on-board GPS receiver.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    DORIS

    DORIS was used to determine the precise location of Envisat in orbit.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    PRARE (ERS-2)

    Precise Range And Range-Rate Equipment (PRARE) was a microwave tracking system for the measurement of satellite to ground range and range rate.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    PRARE (ERS-1)

    The Precise Range And Range-Rate Equipment (PRARE) was a microwave tracking system on board the ERS-1 mission.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    LRR (ERS-2)

    An optical device for accurate satellite tracking from the ground to support instrument data evaluation

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    LRR (ERS-1)

    An optical device for accurate satellite tracking from the ground to support instrument data evaluation

  • Instrument - Scatterometers

    Instrument - Scatterometers

    WS (ERS-2)

    The ERS-2 Wind Scatterometer obtained information on wind speed and direction at the sea surface.

  • Instrument - Scatterometers

    Instrument - Scatterometers

    WS (ERS-1)

    The ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer was designed to measure wind over the oceans.

  • Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    Instrument - Positioning/Navigation

    SSTI

    SSTI was a state-of-the-art GPS receiver on GOCE that was designed to operate in a low-Earth orbit.

  • Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Instrument - Thermal/Radiation Detectors

    Thermal Infra-Red Scanner (TIRS)

    TIRS on Landsat 8 is a thermal imager that supplements observations from the OLI instrument.

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    MWR (ERS-2)

    Used for measurement of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column & cloud liquid water content

  • Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    Instrument - Spectrometers/Radiometers

    MWR (ERS-1)

    MWR provided measurements of the integrated atmospheric water vapour column and cloud liquid water content.

  • Instrument - Altimeters

    Instrument - Altimeters

    RA (ERS-2)

    The RA on ERS-2 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.