DEvelopment of Marine Oil Spill Satellite monitoring system for the Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Kara/Barents Seas (DEMOSS)
Stein Sandven(1), Vladimir Kudriavtsev(2) and Vladimir Malinovsky(3)
(1) NERSC, Thormøhlensgate 47, N-5006 Bergen, Norway
(2) NIERSC, Vasilievsky Island 14th Line, 7A, 199034 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
(3) Marine Hydrophysical Institute (MHI), Kapitanskaya str. 2, 99011 Sevastopol, Ukraine
DEMOSS will develop and demonstrate elements of a marine oil spill detection and prediction system based on satellite Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and other space data. In addition, models for prediction of sea surface pollution drift will be developed and tested. The project will implement field experiments to study the effect of artificial crude oil and oil derivatives films on short wind waves and multi-frequency (Ka-, Ku-, X-, and C-band) dual polarization radar backscatter power and Doppler shift at different wind and wave conditions. On the basis of these and other available experimental data, the present model of short wind waves and radar scattering will be improved and tested.
A new approach for detection and quantification of the oil slicks/spills in satellite SAR images will be developed that can discriminate human oil spills from biogenic slicks and look-alikes in the SAR images. New SAR images will obtained in coordination with the field experiments to test the detection algorithm. Satellite SAR images from archives as well as from new acquisitions will be analyzed for the study areas in the Black/Caspian/Kara/Barents seas to investigate oil slicks/spills occurrence statistics.
A model for oil spills/slicks transport and evolution will be further developed and tested ice-infested arctic seas, including the Caspian Sea. Case studies using the model will be conducted to simulate drift and evolution of oil spill events observed in SAR images. The results of the project will be disseminated via scientific publications and by demonstration to users and agencies working with marine monitoring.
The project lasts for two years (2007 – 2009) and is funded under INTAS Thematic Call with ESA 2006.
Keywords: ESA European
Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne,
observation de la terre, earth observation,
satellite remote sensing,
teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar,
chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar,