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COSMO-SkyMed Mission status

Alessandro Coletta(1), Fabrizio Battazza(1), Fabio Covello(1), Ettore Lopinto(1), Giovanni Valentini(1) and Simona Zoffoli(1)

(1) Italian Space Agency, Viale Liegi 26, 00198 Rome, Italy

Abstract

COSMO-SkyMed (COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation) is the largest Italian investment in Space Systems for Earth Observation, commissioned and funded by Italian Space Agency (ASI) and Italian Ministry of Defense (MoD). COSMO-SkyMed is a Dual-Use (Civilian and Defence) end-to-end Earth Observation System aimed to establish a global service supplying provision of data, products and services compliant with well-established international standards and relevant to a wide range of applications, such as Risk Management, Scientific and Commercial Applications and Defence/Intelligence Applications. The system consists of a constellation of four Low Earth Orbit mid-sized satellites, each equipped with a multi-mode high-resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) operating at X-band and fitted with particularly flexible and innovative data acquisition and transmission equipment. The system is completed by dedicated full featured Ground infrastructures for managing the constellation and granting ad-hoc services for collection, archiving and distribution of acquired remote sensing data. COSMO-SkyMed is a highly innovative system which strongly pursues a Multi Mission approach thanks to its intrinsic Inter-operability with other EO missions and Expandability towards other possible partners with different sensors typologies to implement an integrated space-based system providing Earth Observation integrated services to large User Communities and Partner Countries (IEM capability). The first COSMO-SkyMed satellite has been successfully launched the 7th of June of 2007 from the Vanderberg Air Force Base in California (US) while the remaining 3 satellites will be gradually deployed by the end of 2009. COSMO-1 successfully performed the LEOP phase and now it is completing its Commissioning phase to test, verify and qualify the overall System. The operational phase will start at the very beginning of 2009. Final results of the first COSMO-SkyMed Announcement of Opportunity for scientific data exploitation are presented together with some image results among the first ones generated by COSMO-1 satellite.

 

Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry