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Main RA-2 Level 2 Algorithms (Non-Ocean)
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Main RA-2 Level 1b algorithms
MWR Instrument
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RA-2 and MWR Instruments
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In-flight performance verification
MWR Instrument Description
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RA2/MWR Products and Algorithms
RA-2/MWR Auxiliary files
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Level 2 processing
Level 1b processing
Specific Topics Related To The Radar Altimeter
Orbit interpolation
Measurement Reference
Time Handling And Leap Seconds
RA-2/MWR Level 2 Products And Algorithms
RA2/MWR Level 2 Products
Averaged Ku chirp band
Ocean depth/land elevation
RA-2 ionospheric correction
RA-2/MWR Level 1b Products and Algorithms
RA-2/MWR Level 1b product
MWR Level 1b algorithms
Level 0 products
MWR Level 0 products
Products Evolution History
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Data Handling Cookbook
Characterisation And Calibration
Latency, Throughput And Data Volume.
Product size
RA2/MWR Products User Guide
Further reading
How to use RA-2/MWR data
How To Choose RA-2/MWR Data Products
Summary of Applications vs. Products
Peculiarities of MWR
Peculiarities of RA2
Geophysical Coverage
Principles Of Measurement
Scientific Background
ENVISAT RA2/MWR Product Handbook
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1.3 Further reading


Ref 1.1
J.L. Bamber, 1994, "Ice sheet altimeter processing scheme", Int. J. Remote Sensing, 15, 925-938.


Ref 1.2
T.V. Martin and Others, 1983, "Analysis and retracking of continental ice sheet radar altimeter waveforms", J.Geophys. Res., 88, 1608-1616.


Ref 1.3
P. Femenias and Others, 1993, "Analysis of satellite-altimeter height measurements above continental ice sheets", J.Glac., 39, 591-600.


Ref 1.4
F. Remy and Others, 1990, "Intensity of satellite radar altimeter return power over continental ice: a potential measurement of katabatic wind intensity", J.Glac., 36, 133-142.


Ref 1.5
G.S. Brown, 1977, "The average impulse response of a rough surface and its application, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., AP-25, 67-73.


Ref 1.6
Defense Mapping Agency Technical Report " Department of Defense World Geodetic System 1984. Its definition and relationships with local geodetic systems". DMA-TR-8350.2


Ref 1.7
W. Cudlip et al., 1994, "Corrections for altimeter low-level processing at the Earth Observation Data Centre", Int. J. Remote Sensing, 15, 889-914.


Ref 1.8
S. Laxon, 1994, " Sea ice altimeter processing scheme at the EODC", Int. J.

Ref 1.9
Remote Sensing, 15, 915-924.

Ref 1.10
EnviSat Web site :

Ref 1.11
Roca M., "The RA-2 On-board Tracker and its Autonomous Adaptable Resolution", ESA Technical Note, PO-TN-ESA-RA-1316, iss. 1.a, February 2002.

Ref 1.12
Roca M., et al, "RA-2 Level 1b processor verification", Proceedings of Envisat Calibration Workshop at ESTEC, September 2002, SP-520 ESA Pubblication

Ref 1.13
Milagro Perez M. P., et al, "Verification of the RA2/MWR Level 2 geophysical reference processors" Proceedings of Envisat Validation Workshop at ESRIN, December 2002, SP-531 ESA Pubblication

Ref 1.14
J. Benveniste and the RA2/MWR CCVT, "RA-2/MWR Cross-Calibration and Validation: Objectives, Approach Results and Recommendations", Proceedings of Envisat Validation Workshop at ESRIN, December 2002, SP-531 ESA Pubblication





Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry