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Use of MERIS and AATSR data in previsional fire danger index computation system for alpine regions

Lorenzo Corgnati(1), Silvano Bertoldo(1), Nazario Tartaglione(2) and Giovanni Perona(1)

(1) Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
(2) Università di Camerino, via Madonna delle Carceri, 9, 62032 Camerino, Italy

Abstract

The FWI-tel instantaneous is a system for computing a forest fire risk index, which elaborates instantaneous weather maps to evaluate fire risk indicator on alpine regions. This system is based on the previsional Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) adjusted for continental Europe latitudes and climatology and adapted to alpine regions orography. FWI is a meteorological index, which uses as input data meteorological forecasts (or analysis), satellite remote sensed and weather radar data. In the current version of the system, air temperature and relative humidity data come from MODIS and AIRS sensors, rain data come from MeteoSwiss weather radars and wind data come from European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) models. In particular, temperature and relative humidity data are characterized by a very coarse spatial resolution which makes difficult over complex-orography regions the precise localization and evaluation of the fire danger index . Furthermore, also MERIS relative humidity and temperature from AATSR sensor, are used as new input for the FWI-tel instantaneous system. The aim of using such data is to compare the results obtained with them with the ones obtained by using MODIS and AIRS data. In this way it would be possible to evaluate any improvement in the instantaneous forest fire danger index using MERIS and AATSR data, with respect to MODIS, in order to obtain a more efficient real time territory monitoring system for forest fires over complex-orography regions. As soon as soil moisture data from the SMOS satellite will be available they too will be included in the index computation. Moreover MERIS vegetation index will be included in a future version of the index.

 

Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry