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InSAR displacements associated to the November 2006 eruption of Nyamulagira

Valerie Cayol(1), Nicolas d'Oreye(2), Fran├žois Kervyn(3) and team GVO(4)

(1) Univ. B. Pascal, CNRS UMR 6524, OPGC, 5, rue kessler, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
(2) National Museum of Natural History, 19 r. J. Welter, 7256 Walferdange, Luxembourg
(3) Royal Museaum of Central Africa, Leuvensesteenweg 13, 3080 Tervuren, Belgium
(4) Goma Volcanological Observatory, 142, Rue du Pond Point, Goma, Congo, Democratic Republic of


Nyamulagira (Democratic Republic of Congo) is one of the two active volcanoes of the Virunga volcanic chain located on the western branch of the east African rift. Because of the region unstable political situation, this volcano is poorly studies. However, the SAMAAV (Study and Monitoring of Active African Volcanoes by InSAR techniques) project has permitted a regular InSAR monitoring of the volcano displacements that took place since 1997. Since then, Nyimulagira has erupted every other years, but only the November 2006 eruption gave a clear interferometric signal with up to 8 fringes toward the satellite close to the Nuamuragira crater. The measured displacements could be related to the eruptive fissure associated with the eruption and located to the south-east of Nuamulagira. This signal is analysed with the combination of a 3D boundary element modeling method and a neighborhood inversion algorithm.


Workshop poster

Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry