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DUE GlobAEROSOL: Building components for air pollution and health monitoring services

Celestino Gomez Cid(1), Thomas Gareth(2), Caroline Poulsen(3), Richard Siddans(4), Don Grainger(5), Brian Kerridge(6) and Pierre-Yves Deschamps(7)

(1) GMV, SA, Isaac Newton 11, 28760 Tres Cantos, Spain
(2) University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3PU, OX1 3PU, United Kingdom
(3) Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX, United Kingdom
(4) Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, OX11 0QX, Dicot, United Kingdom
(5) University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom
(6) Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot OX11 0QX, United Kingdom
(7) Laboratoire d' Optique Atmosphérique, Université de Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

Abstract

Within the ESA DUE GlobAEROSOL project long series of aerosol products will be produced. One of the main applications is their use to support air quality and health monitoring systems which are main objectives of the GMES program.

GlobAEROSOL products will be intensively validated against ground based data. And inter-compared against other remote sensing data. As input data coming from (A)ATSR, SEVIRI, MERIS sensors will be used.

GlobAEROSOL project will carry out several exercises of CTM assimilation an inter-comparison of atmospheric chemistry models for particulate matter monitoring (PM10, etc). The inter-comparison is to be based on assimilation of a subset of the aerosol maps into the models, in order to produce daily particulate matter maps over Europe. This activity is in direct support to the implementation of operational air quality monitoring planned under the ESA GMES Services Element.

Particulate matter is of major concerns for public health, PM monitoring will support health services as PMs are responsible for some breath problems. Epidemiological studies show that an small increase in PM10 mass concentration results in an increase of 0.5 – 1.5 % in premature total mortality in case of short term/episodic exposure, and in an increase up to 5% in premature total mortality in case of long term/life long exposure. Seams that PM10 is associated with respiratory responses and PM2.5 with cardio-vascular diseases.

Use of stationary satellites will provide also high temporal resolution and global Europe coverage that will increase the performance of the final services and will open other important issues like fire monitoring: plumbs follow up.

 

Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry